6 August 2000
Source: MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty's Secret Intelligence Service, Stephen Dorril, The Free Press, New York, 2000, pp. 864-907. ISBN 0-7432-0379-8. Thanks to the author and publisher.

See Chapter 36 of the book: http://mathaba.net/data/sis/mi6-sd36.htm


INDEX

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

'A' Force 533

Abbas Hilmi II, Khedive 629

Abboud, President 721

Abd-el-Qadar 631

Abdallah, Radi 669

Abdullah, Emir of Kuwait 671, 672, 674

Abdurrahman, Prince 681

Abid, Abdullah bin 735

Abramtchik, Mokolai 215-20

Abramtchik Faction 215, 219, 220, 221, 404

Aburish, Said K. 665

Abwehr 12, 100, 104, 166, 171, 187, 190, 191, 195, 196, 223-7, 270, 409, 410, 411, 419, 420

Acheson, Dean 363, 380, 382, 383-4, 601, 780

Achin, Reverend 339

Aciolek, Col. 263

Ackerman, Eric 53

Acland, Richard 435

Actio Catholica 176

Action Petlura 226

Adams, Gerry 740, 741

Aden Assembly 678

Aden Intelligence Centre 679

Adhan, Kamal 688, 694

Adie, Kate 791

Administration of State Security (UDBA) 342

Admiralty 26, 618, 619

Adye, Sir John 747

Aflag, Michel 616

Africa Bureau 721

African National Congress (ANC) 720

Afshartus, Gen. 585, 586, 612

Agency Africa 250

Aims for Industry 430

Air Ministry 25-6, 620, 664

Airey, Sir Terence 341, 369

Airwork Services 664, 694, 733

AJAX Operation 586, 587, 589, 597-8, 654

Ajlani, Mounir 636

Akers, Sir Wallace 140

Akhavi, Hassin 591

Alanbrooke, Viscount 14, 32

Alawi, Dr Iyad 781

Alawite tribe 636

Albanian: army 357, 388; gendarmerie 357, 358; Intelligence 390; Ministry of the Interior 395; secret police 394

Albanian National Committee in Exile 373

Albanian National Liberation Front 392

Aldermaston 159

Aldrich, Winthrop 649, 650

Aldridge, Jessica 367, 371

'Alec' (MI6) 121

Alexander, A.V. 82

Alexander, Capt. 206

Alexander Guchkov circle 407

Alexander, Harold (later Earl Alexander of Tunis) 310, 337, 338, 414

Alexander I, King of Yugoslavia 329, 331-2

All-Party Parliamentary War Crimes Group 280

Allason, Rupert (Nigel West) 205

Allen, Percy 694, 696

Allied Control Commission (ACC) 174, 351; Information Services Branch (ISB) 120

Allied Denazification Bureau 124

Allied Information Services 120, 374

Allied Military Government (AMG) 341, 352

Allied Military Intelligence units 348

Allman Sakerhetsenhet (AS) 273

ALOS 138

Alpa-Adrica movement 126

Alpass, John 776

Alpha plan 604, 607, 615

Alston, Gordon M.F. 131, 161, 333

American Committee for Liberation of the Peoples of Russia from Bolshevism 437, 492, 493, 502, 515

American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE) 437, 446, 462, 464-7, 469, 477

American Federation of Labour 440, 478

American Foundation for Youth and Students Abroad 470

American Friends of the Captive Nations 436

Americans for Intellectual Freedom 476

Amery, Leopold 166, 357, 447, 456, 457, 459, 682

Amery, Lord (Julian) 355-60, 364, 365, 366, 370, 371, 372, 374, 375, 377, 379, 380, 388, 4()2, 447, 460, 477, 500, 554, 556-7, 572, 601, 603, 616, 628-9, 662, 663, 669-70, 679, 683, 684-5, 687

Ames, Aldrich 749-50

Amit, Meir 694

Amols, Father Valdis 293

Amory, Robin 520

Ampersand 76, 479

Anders, Wladyslaw 206, 214, 217, 258, 259, 264

Anderson, Sir John 135-6, 140

AndreW, Christopher 595, 727

Andrews, George 260

Angleton, James 264, 266, 349, 390, 399, 479, 607, 614, 671, 695, 705, 706-7, 710-11, 713, 714, 717, 724

Anglican Church 430

Anglo-American Combined Allocations Board 144, 151

Anglo-Baltic Friendship Society 285

Anglo-Estonian Friendship Society 269

Anglo-German Fellowship 429

Anglo-Greek Information Service (AIS) 313, 314, 316, 317

Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) 558-62, 564-8, 570, 575, 577, 578, 580, 595; Central Information Bureau (CI8) 564

Anglo-Norwegian Collaboration Committee 525

Anglo-Norwegian Intelligence Committee 134

Anglo-Norwegian Intelligence Service 134

Annan, Noel 12

Anthimos, Bishop 553

ANTHROPOID Operation 611

Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN) 163, 183, 213, 222, 229, 233, 237, 238-9, 244, 404, 430, 439, 442, 443, 445, 446, 448, 449, 492, 493, 502

Anti-Bolshevik Front 229, 233

Anti-Bolshevik Guard (Hungary) 178

Anti-Bolshevik League for the Liberation of Nations (ALONS) 213

Antonescu, Ion 168-9, 178, 179, 180

ANYFACE Operation 233

APPLEPIE Operation 208, 209

Appleton, Sir Edward 140

AQUATONE 617

Arab Liberation Party 622

Arab News Agency (ANA) 76, 435, 536, 540, 624-5, 631, 632

Arad, Ron 767, 768

Arajs Kommando 270, 274, 288

ARAMCO (Arabian-American Oil Company) 608, 609, 663

Aramesh, Ahmad 593

Arazi, Yehuda 546

Arc-en-Ciel 182

Archangel Expeditionary Force 19

Archer, Jane 16, 190

Ardmbadi, Col. 584

Arfa, Gen. 576

Argyll, Duchess of 686

Ariana rocket 778

Ariel Foundation 470, 474, 475, 722

Arlt, Fritz 198, 199, 200

Armee Secrete 457

Armenian Dasknak Party 493

Armia Krajow (AK) (Home Army) 230, 249, 252, 253, 254, 256, 257, 258, 262, 391, 456

Army Chemical Corps 143

Army Group E 124, 125, 126

Army League 456 Army Special Branch 53

ARNIKA intelligence reports 706

Arnold, Maj.

Arnold-Forster, Christopher 29

Arnold-Forster, Mark 85-6, 513

Arroz Cross 171, 174, 178, 223, 444

Arthur, Geoffrey 637, 732

ARTICHOKE programme 520

Artukovic, Adrija 329, 330, 336, 338, 354

Aryropoulos, Col. 306

el-Asali, Sabri 622

Ascherson, Neal 712

Ashraf, Princess 588-9

Ashtiyani, Mohammad 590

Aspin, Les 777

Asrafi, Col. 593

ASRP (social Ba'ath party) 616

Assembly of Captive Nations (ACEN) 173, 436; Albanian Committee 399; Political Committee 399

Assembly of Political Youths 469

Assheton, Ralph 603

'Assinger' (agent) 756

Assistenza Pontifica 346

Associated Press 236

Association of Ukrainians in Great Britain 443, 449

Astor, David 456, 457, 458, 463, 479

Aswan Dam 607, 623

Atassi, Adnan 636

Atassi, Fayid 636

Athenisiades, Bodosis 374

Atholl, Duke of 405

Atholl, Kitty, Duchess of 285, 404-5, 417, 425, 426, 428, 429, 431-4, 441, 448, 449

Atlantic Charter (1941) 277, 278

Atomic Energy Authority (AEA) 156

Atrash, Hassan 636

Attlee, Clement 43, 73, 86, 160, 459; Albania 367; Britain's atomic bomb 158-9; federalism 461; insists on moving out of Greece 46; Iran 562; Jewish refugees 547; opposes Bevin's power politics 37-8; possible anti-Semitism 430, 545; SOE 21, 28; WAY 469; wishes to build up the UN 38

Attlee, Heresvard 210

Attlee Doctrine 31, 377, 509, 543, 557, 720, 724

Audova, Leo 289

Auer, P. 447

Augsburg, Emil 109

Ault, John 734

Australian Secret lntelligence Service (ASIS) 718

Austrian Communist Party 84

Austrian Control Commission 123, 417

Automatic Telegram Handling System (ATHS/OATS) 786

Auxiliary Units 456

AVO 174, 175, 176

Ayer, A.J. 59, 477-8, 481

Azerbaijan crisis (1946) 534

el-Azm, Khalid 604

Azzam 'Pasha' 539


B

'B' Specials 317

Ba'ath Party 622

BABYLON Operation 763

BACKFIRE 145

BACKHAND Operation 348

Badderley, John 374

al-Badr, Muhammed 678, 697, 698

Baghdad Pact 603-4, 606, 607, 614, 632, 670, 694

Bagration, Prince Irakly 198

Baines, Gordon 153

Bairaktar, Muharren 362

Bajomi, Bela 176, 177

Baker-White, John 423-4

Bakhtiar, Shapour 745

Bakhtiar, Timour 565, 584

Bakhtiari tribes 565, 582, 585

Baku 188-9, 194, 199, 506

Balfour, David, Lord 306, 319, 320, 324, 409, 462, 549

Balli Kombetar (BK; National Front) 357-8, 359, 363, 372, 374, 376, 384, 388, 398, 399

Balmain, Col. 129, 523

Baltic Institute 255

Baltic Waffen-SS 16, 276

Baluch-Qarai, Maj. 585

Banda, Hastings 721-2

Bandera, Natalia 232, 233

Bandera, Stefan 106, 198, 222, 224-8, 230-36, 238, 239, 244, 245, 246, 443;

Banderites 106, 225, 226, 227, 236-9, 242, 244, 248, 442

Bandung Conference 88

Bangerskis, Rudolfs 271, 272, 274, 279, 280

Banja Luka 125

Bank of England 362, 487, 727, 773

Banks, Alan 255

Baqai (religious leader) 576, 582, 585

BARBAROSSA Operation 195, 216, 226, 271, 409

Barbie, Klaus 107-10, 114-15, 117

Barclay, Sam 378

Bareik bin Hamud al-Chafiri 731, 732

Barker, Elizabeth 312, 356

Barnard, Beverley 573

Barnes, Tom 307

Barnes, Tracey 392, 516, 648-9

Barnes, Trevor 63, 453

Barrass, Gordon 750

Bartlett, Vernon 78

Bash, James 686

Bashom, Caush Ali 392

Bastian, Marie 784

'Bastions Paper' 81

Bateman, Charles 371, 375

Baun, Hermann 101

Bayda, Maj. 237

Baydalakov, Victor 412, 513

Baykolov, Anatole 404, 405, 407, 417, 418, 425, 433, 441

Bayliss, John 160 BBC 43-4, 183, 361, 421, 447, 589, 609, 624, 733-4, 780, 794; Arabic Home Service 540; broadcasting to eastern Europe 381; European Services 41; External Services 78, 79, 428, 480; Home Service 41; and Iran 564; and the IRD 78, 79; Overseas News Service 479; Radio Four 609

Beamish, Tufton 447

Beauclerk, Charles, Duke of St Albans 120

Beck-Broichsitter, Helmut 103

Becker, Hans 118

Bedarfas, Louise 511

Beddington-Behrens, Edward 439, 448, 456, 458, 459, 460, 464, 496, 508

Bedell Smith, Walter 89, 264, 395-6, 464, 466, 489, 493, 497, 506, 574, 583, 587, 591

Beeley, Harold 637

Begin, Menachem 549

Behbehani, Ayatollah 585

Beihan, Sharif of 692

Belarus Legion 217, 219, 220

Belic, George 246, 294

Bell, Brian 493-4

Bell, Walter 51, 53

Bellringer plan 671

Belorussia National Committee (BNC) 503

Belorussian American Association 220

Belorussian Central Council (BCC) 217, 219, 503

Belorussian Central Representation (BCR) 219, 220, 221

Belorussian Democratic Republic 221

Belorussian Liberation Movement 220, 221

Belorussian National Centre 219

Belorussian National Council 493

Belorussian National Liberation Committee 221

Ben-Gurion, David 616, 626, 640

Benelux Customs Union 458

Benes, Edvard 61, 139

Benn, Tony 85

Bennett, Eric 690

Benson, Rex 456

Benton, Frank 537, 540

Benton, Kenneth 416, 544, 547

Berger, George 278

Bergmanis, August 284

Beria, Lavrenti 483, 485, 500, 505-6

Berkis, Vitold 288, 293

Berle, Adolphe, Jnr 436, 437, 461

Berlin: blockade 84; Radio 251; tunnel 525-6; Wall 707, 751

Berlin, Isaiah 59, 478

Berman, George 111

Bermondt-Avalov 406

Bermuda conference (1953) 505

Bernhard, Prince, of the Netherlands 496, 497

Berry, George 121, 131

Berthoud, Eric 562-3, 565, 570

Berzins, Alfred 271, 279, 444

Besse, Antonin 601

Bevan, John 156

Bevin, Ernest 65, 76, 82, 121, 147, 260, 385, 435, 458, 534, 541; Albania 367, 368, 377, 382, 383, 384, 394; announces withdrawal from Palestine 549; anti-communist 36, 73-4, 78; attacked at UN 72-3; Britain's atomic bomb 158-9; compares Stalin to Hitler 37; a Cyprus radio station 539; economic information 487; federalism 461; Greece 317, 319, 323, 324, 327; immediate objectives (1949) 85; Iran 535, 562; the IRD 71, 77; Jewish refugees 547; M16 conditions of service 27, 30; possible anti- Semitism 430, 545; power politics 38; the PWE 71-2; the Russia Committee 42-3; 'signs SOE's death warrant' 28; SO 42, 87; Stetsko 443; stops war crimes investigations and trials 353, 434; the 'Third Force' 46; the Tito-Stalin split 68; vision for the Middle East 543; Western Union 461-2

BG / FIEND see VALUABLE Operation

Bichet, Robert 462

Bickford, David 773, 774, 797, 798, 799

Big Four conference (1947) 127

Bihbihani, Ayatollah 592, 593

Bilderburg group 650-51; conference (1954) 508-9

Biological Weapons Convention (1972) 766

Biopreparat 766

Birdwood, Lady 690

Bishop, Frederick 613

Bissell, Richard 400, 659, 660

'Black Cat' guerrilla forces 217

Black Legion 336

'Black Sunday' 592

Blackburn, James 389, 393

Blackett, Frances 434

Blackett, Patrick 135, 434

Blair, Tony 328

Blake, George xv, 112, 131-2, 298, 423, 494, 522, 523, 526, 704-5, 723, 725

Blake, (Lord) Robert 5

Bland, Neville 27

Bletchley Park see Government Code and Cipher School

BLOODSTONE Operation 210, 373, 439

Blount, B.K. 521

BLUEBAT Operation 667

Blues regiment (Royal Horse Guards) 256

Blum, Ignacy 235

Blum, Leon 431, 463

Blum, Robert M. 64, 99

Blumenfeld, Eric 458

Blunt, Anthony 245, 411

BMP3 weapons procurement programme network 790

BND 765, 771

Board of Trade (BoT) 141, 142, 487

Boase, Thomas 536

Boban (of the Black Legion) 336

Boel, Baron Rene 466

Bogdanor, Vernon 455

Bohlen, Charles E. 478, 574

Bohr, Niels, 152

Boldyrev, Constantine 416, 417, 437

Boloselsky, Prince 416

Bolsover, George 39, 60-61

Bondy, François 457, 477

Bono, Hank 116

Boorman, David 749

BOOT Operation 578, 580, 581, 585, 587, 597-8

Boothby, Robert 459, 460, 462, 500, 508, 627

Boresztoczky, Miklos 176

Borkenau, Franz 476

Bormann, Martin 96, 102

Boroujerdi, Ayatollah 585

Borovets 230

'Boscoes' brothers 574

Bose, Chandra 612

Bosley, Rex 269, 275

Bossom, Alfred 285

Bourbon-Palma, Pierre de 685

Bourne, Robert 587

Boursicot, Peter 634, 640

Boutros Ghali, Boutros 787

Bowden, J. 673

Bower, Susan Ann 50

Bowie, Peter 501

Boxshall, Edward 212

Boyle, Antony 680, 685, 686, 690, 692, 693, 694

Boyle, Charles 116, 117

Boyle, David 'Archie' 537-8

Boyle, Sir Dermot 685

Braden, Thomas W. 465, 466, 467, 470, 475, 478, 479, 481

Bradley, Michael 659

Bradley, Omar N. 490

Braithwaite, Roderick 758, 759

Braun, Werner von 145, 149

Brezhnev, Leonid 789

Briance, John 545, 570, 651, 724

Brichah escape organisation 544

Bridges, Sir Edward 31, 619, 621, 649, 660

Briggs, Harry (Frank Higgins) 737

Brimelow, Thomas 208, 279, 280, 281

Brimmell, Jack 75

Brinton, Crane 579

Bristow, Desmond 4, 18, 57, 142, 501, 508

Britanova 435

British Aerospace 761

British Airways 761

British Army: in Austria 337; Gaddafi and 735; Information Teams 733; Jewish Brigade 544

British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) 98, 102, 289, 345; 506th Military Government Relief Detachment 431

British Central Scientific Office (BCSO) 152

British Commonwealth Scientific Office 152

British Commonwealth Shipping Company 664, 694

British Control Commission (BCC) 98, 99, 142, 242, 351, 480, 512; Intelligence Division 99, 714; 'Technical Section' 295

British Council 471, 536, 537

British Empire Union 429

British Federal Union 456

British Free Movement (BFM) 441

British HQ Liaison Mission (Italy) 360

British League for European Freedom

(BLEF) 261, 285, 418, 425, 426, 428-41, 446-9, 492

British Middle East Office (BMEO) 534, 538, 541, 577, 600, 661, 66o; 'Co-ordination Division' 600

British Military Mission 313, 314, 318, 323, 333, 377, 386

British National Committee 470

British National Council of Social Service 468

British Petroleum (BP) 595, 596, 670, 671, 677, 735, 761

British Police Mission 320, 323

British Political Institute 437

British Security Co-ordination (BSC) 49-50, 51, 53, 55, 96, 154, 454, 477, 610, 611

British Society for Cultural Freedom 479

British Troops Greece 313

British Union of Fascists (BUF) 441

British Youth Council 470

British Zone of Occupation (Germany) 98

BRIXMIS 488

BROADWAY Operation 262, 263, 275, 292, 371, 385, 394, 540, 622, 625, 626

Brody, Battle of (1944) 241

Brook, Sir Norman 156, 367, 619, 624, 641, 658, 670, 675

Brook, Robin 21, 146

Brook-Shepherd, Gordon 119, 128, 613

Brooke, Maj. 697

Brookes, Tohn G. 524

Brooman-White, Dick 375

Brown, Anthony Cave 191

Brown, George 716, 726

Brown, Irving 476, 478

Brown, Lord Justice 796

Browne, E.G. 564

Bruce, David 50, 54, 709

Bruce-Lockhart, John 112, 121, 291, 396, 398, 416, 514, 516, 517, 523, 551, 554, 579, 640, 641, 662, 670, 720-21, 722

Brugmans, Henrdryk 461, 462, 477

Brummell, Bill 392

Brunderschaft 103, 115

BRUSA 11, 12

Brussels Treaty 81

Bryan, Joe 380-81

BUCCANEER Operation 562

Buchardt, Friedrich 216, 218

Buchko, Bishop Ivan 171, 202, 232, 238

Bujanovic, Josip 337, 339

Bukharin, Nikolai 187

Bulgarian National Front 444

Bulik, Joe 704, 705, 708

Bull, Roger 446

Bullard, Sir Roger 534

Bullock, Alan 476

Bulmer-Thomas, Ivor 428, 430

Bundesbank 779

Bundy, McGeorge 708-9, 716

Bureau of People's Protection (ONZA) 342

Burgess, Guy 68, 75, 77, 212, 244-5, 295, 396, 495, 622

Burke, Harry 748

Burke, Michael 378-9, 387, 389-90, 395, 396

Burkhardt, Frederick 477

Burnham, James 588

Burns, Tom 430

Busemann 146

Butenas, Julijonas 295

Butler, Sir Harold 460

Butler, R.A. 649, 689, 716

Butterworth Scientific Publications 140, 141

Buzzard, Sir Anthony 290

Byroade, Henry 587

Byron, Lord 24


C

Caber, Dragutin 350

Cabinet: Intelligence Sersrices Committee 758; Office 501, 522, 661, 672, 706 727, 744, 747, 754, 776, 780, 800; Overseas and Defence Committee 673, 683

Cabot, John M. 349

Caccia, Harold 32, 84, 130, 131, 309, 606, 648, 657

Cadogan, Sir Alexander 9, 10, 31-2, 538

Callaghan, James 475, 716, 743, 747

Camp 030 100

Camp King, near Oberusal 100, 104, 183, 210, 420

Camp Ritchie, Maryland 138

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) 784

Campbell-JohIlson, Hon. George ('The Pack Rat') 736, 737-8

Camrose, Lord 462

Camus, Albert 457

Canadian Atomic Energy Project: National Research Council (NRC) 153

Canaris, Wilhelm 187, 191, 224, 227, 409, 422

Canellopoulos, Panayotis 400

'Cantwell, James' (MI6) 756

Capel-Dunn, Denis 27

Carew-Hunt, Robert 12, 16, 99

Caritas Internationalis 116

Caroz, Yaacov 630

Carpathian Sic Guard 224

Carr, Harry 224, 225, 231, 242-6, 258, 262, 268-9, 273, 275-6, 288, 294, 295-6, 298, 407, 499, 511, 514

Carrington, (Lord) Peter 345

Carroll, George 588, 593, 596

Carter, Hodding 436

Casey, William 97

Castro, Fidel 611, 789

Catherine, the 'Cat Lady' 584

Catherwood Foundation 473

Catholic Action 438

Catholic Church 126, 172, 330, 336, 338, 342; see also Vatican

Catholic Resistance Movement 176

Cavendish, Anthony 131, 293, 654-5, 709, 711-12, 744

Cavendish-Bentinck, Victor 12, 23, 26, 27, 42, 84, 136, 254-60, 333

Cazelet, Victor 166, 250, 251, 427, 455

Ceausescu, Nicolae 789

Cecil, Robert 13, 15, 16, 21-2, 28, 36, 42, 303, 495

Central European Committee 169

Central European Federal Study Clubs 166, 167, 170, 239, 432; London 432

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) 27, 51-2, 55, 57, 62, 76, 89, 96, 105, 145, 152, 153, 163, 173, 175, 184, 235, 239, 243, 245, 246, 247, 266, 305, 385, 448, 454, 496, 501, 503, 505, 508, 511, 514, 527, 551, 598, 640, 664, 749, 750, 767, 769; ACEN 436; Albania 383, 388, 390, 393, 395, 397, 399; American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism 492, 493; AQUATONE 617; assessments on South-East Asia 715; attempt to overthrow Saddam 781-2; 'Black Files' 396; CCF 481; Church House conference 446-7; conspiracy theory 484-5; 'Detachment A' squadron 617; 'Detachment B' squadron 617, 660; Directorate of Plans 400, 649; Discoverer 709; economic warfare 488-9; Egypt 601, 602, 607, 616, 628, 636, 645, 646, 648; and the Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs 469; Germany 778; Greece 325, 326; Hungary 516, 517; ICFTUE 440; International Organisations Division 467, 478; Iran 566, 579, 582, 583, 586-96, 598; ISC 473; joint conference with MI6 (1952) 150; London conference (1951) 295; Lumumba 721; manipulation of the student movement 471; the mujahedin 752; Near East Divisions 584; NTS 422, 423, 424, 516; and nuclear proliferation 765; Office of Special Operations (OSO) 243-4, 245, 294, 368-9, 496; Oldfield and 742; OPC 395, 400; PEN 480; relations with MI6 89, 131, 155, 396, 422, 454, 467-8, 475, 506, 515, 520, 522, 523, 524, 626, 646, 648, 703, 711, 736, 752; Saudi Arabia 734; SCLL 292, 296; Slansky 485-6; student bodies 471, 472; supports the non-Communist political left 467; suspects Philby 295; Syria 655; training 298, 502; U-2 aircraft 617, 659; Watch Committee 642; WAY 469, 470; Yemen 695; Yugoslavia 353; Zionists 485

Central Intelligence Group (CIG) 54, 55, 62, 105, 152, 321, 566, 753; Liaison Group 54

Central Office of Information 535

Central Personality Index (CPI) 100, 102, 107, 111

Central Registry (CR), Germany 113

Central Registry of War Crimes and Security Suspects (CROWCASS) 102, 103, 107, 111, 112, 113, 128, 240, 435

Central Treaty Organisation 670, 694

Central Unioll of Post-War Russian Emigres (ZOPE) 513

Centre d'Action Europeenne 469

Centre International des Syndicalistes Libre en Exil 440

'The Centre' (Poland) 257

Centres d'Action Internationale 460

Chadwick, Sir James 134, 152

Challe, Gen. 637

Chambers, Sir Paul 466, 508

CHAMELEON Operation 607, 608

Chamoun, Camille 666, 668

Chandler, Geoffrey 313, 314, 318-19, 322

Channon, Paul 740

Chauncy, Maj. F.C.L. 730

Chehab, Farid 665

Chemical Defence Establishment, Porton Down 520, 611, 688-9

Cheshire, Cyril 269

Chetniks 125, 331, 333, 335, 336, 337, 345, 353, 419, 434

Chigley, Corp. 686

Chisholm, Anne 706, 708

Chisholm, Roderick'Ruari' 706, 708

Christchurch Conference 474

Christian Democratic Union of Central Europe 438

Christian Democrats (Italy) 372

Christie, John 665, 670-75, 687-8, 691

Christie, Malcolm 405

Chudleigh, Derek 552

'Chuprynka Plan' 239

Church House conference (1952) 446-8, 492

Church of England 438

Churchill, Sir Winston 5, 42, 51, 167, 332, 357, 461, 464, 486-7, 489, 504, 510, 514, 521, 577, 583; Atlantic Charter signed 277; Baykolov advises 405; Central European Committee 169; the Congress of Europe 463; DFP 158; East German rebellion 503; Egypt 603; EM 458; European integration 457; fears a civil war in Italy 21; a federated Europe 165-6; flights over Soviet territory 519; the Foreign Office 495, 500, 505; Greece 308-14, 317; Iran 570, 571, 573, 587, 594; loathes EAM/ELAS 306; 'percentage' agreement with Stalin (1944) 14-15, 39; PEU 458, 459; Poland 251; purge of Communists in secret establishments 10; removal from Downing Street 28, 36; return to power 454, 570; suspicious of Russia 303, 308; tries to prevent Menzies' appointment as 'C' 4; UEM 460, 462; UNTHINKABLE 25; wants an international agreement with Soviet Union 467; Yugoslavia 334

Ciex 795

'Cilley' (an Iranian) 566, 592-3

CIRCLE Operation 349

Civil Mixed Watchman's Service 345

Civil Security Liaison Officers 100

Civil Service Selection Board 784

Clarke, Alan 764

Clarke, Dudley 157

Clay, Lucius D. 210, 220, 237, 373, 463, 464, 465

Clemins, Gustav 270, 271, 279

Clerides, Glafkos 556

CLIMBER Operation 211

Cline, Ray 586, 709, 710, 714

Clinton, Bill 773

Clissold, Stephen 346, 347, 352

Clive, Nigel 306-9, 313, 314, 316, 320, 322, 323, 549, 615, 621, 626, 714, 722, 726, 742

Cloak and Dagger (film) 379

Clowder Mission (Austria) 23

Clutterbuck, Richard 772

Clutton, Sir George 495, 580, 582, 583

Codreanu, Cornlieu 178-9

Cohen, Kenneth 30, 167, 416, 498

Collage Croatto, Rome 346

Collier, George 289

Collins, Bill 378

Collins, H. John 600, 601

Collins, Michael 20, 223

Colonel's Camarilla 336

Colonial Development and Welfare Acts 692

Colonial Office 31, 377, 469, 509, 535, 552,

679, 688; Information Policy Committee 76

Colville, John 64, 583

Combat Corps (Kutepov) 268

Combat network (France) 457

Combat Union for the Liberation of the

Peoples of Russia 421

Combined Chiefs of Staff (Washington) 56

Combined Development Trust 138

Combined Intelligence Priorities [later Objectives] Sub-Committee (CIOS) 136, 137

Combined Operations Headquarters 456

Combined Raw Materials Board 138

Combined Research and Planning Organisation (CRPO) 533, 534

Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre (CSDIC) 545

Cominform (Communist Information Bureau) 64, 66-70, 72, 73, 74, 327, 364, 366, 471, 475, 484

Comintern 7, 13, 68, 69, 304, 325, 419

Commission for Criminal Organisations 100

Committee for a Free Europe 373, 380, 382, 392

Committee for Cultural Freedom 476

Committee for European Federation 457

Committee for Free Albania 379-82, 387, 391, 399

Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia (KONR) 198, 214, 412-13, 415, 421; Armed Forces (VS KONR) 413, 458, 486

Committee for the Liberation of the Ukraine from Bolshevism 244

Committee for the Provision of Experimental Facilities for Intelligence 521

Committee to Save the Fatherland 584

Common Cause 435, 436, 437, 448

Common Cause Inc. 436-7, 448

Common Market 650

Common Wealth Party 435, 436

Commonwealth Investigation Service 354

Commonwealth Relations Office 239, 469, 509, 557

Communist Party of: Albania (CPA) 356, 360, 361, 366, 402; Cyprus (AKEL) 552; Germany 103; Great Britain (CPGB) 8, 61, 436, 448, 469; Greece (KKE) 305-11, 315, 318, 321-5, 327; Indonesia (PKI) 718; Lithuania 292; Malaya 718; Soviet Union 754; Yugoslavia 376

Company 400 392, 393, 401

Confederation of Central European Nations 169

Confederation Generale du Travail Ouvriere 440

CONFLICT Operation 129, 130

Congress for Cultural Preedom (CC14) 4,5, 477-82; International Committee 479

Congress of Delegates of Independence Movements Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations of Europe and Asia (1950) 442, 443-4

Congress of Delegates of the Oppressed European Nations (1946) 432

Congress of Europe 463

Congress of Industrial Organisations (CIO) 464

Conquest, Robert 75, 78

Conseil Franc,ais pour l'Europe Unie (CFEU) 460, 464

CONSENSUS 11 mission 359

Conservative Party: foreign donations 790-91; general election (1970) 732

Continental Union 175

CONTRARY Operation 522

Control List 507

Controller Production Research (CP2) 30

Cook, Robin xv, 767, 775, 776, 796n, 800

Coombe-Tennant, Henry 673

Cooper, Sir Alfred Duff, 1st Viscount Norwich 9, 10, 426, 431, 459

Cooper, Chester 610, 612, 628, 641, 642-3, 645, 646

Cooper, Gary 379

Cooper, Maj. John 664, 685, 686, 688, 690-93

Cooper, Yvette 780

Co-ordinating Centre for Anti-Bolshevik Struggle 502-3

Co-ordinating Committee (COCOM) 488, 501, 508

Co-ordinating Secretariat of National Union of Students (COSEC) 472, 473

Co-ordination Centre for Anti-Bolshevik Action (KCAB) 503

Copeland, Miles 583, 594, 602, 605, 634, 649

Copplestone, Frank 472

Cordeaux, John 29

Cornwallis, Sir Kinahan 539-40

Cossacks 344, 414, 431, 433

Cottam, Richard 579, 588, 593, 595

Cotton, F. Sidney 192

Coudenhove-Kalergi, Count Richard 165, 166, 167, 186, 438, 455, 456-7, 459, 461, 462, 464

Council of Europe 441, 446, 465; Consultative Assembly 440

Council of Foreign Ministers 73, 534, 571

Council on Foreign Relations 461, 496; War and Peace Study Group 462

Council for the Liberation of Lithuania 283

Counter-Intelligence (C1) G-2 War Room 99, 111

Court of Appeal 768

Courtney, Commander Anthony 212, 290, 291, 293

Cowell, Gervase 708

Cowell, Pamela 708

Cowgill, Felix 7, 10, 11, 15-16

CPA see Communist Party of Albania

CPGB see Communist Party of Great Britain

Crabb, Lionel 'Buster' 525, 617-20, 621, 626, 630, 633, 660, 661

Cradock, Percy 747-8, 751, 752, 754, 757, 763

Craig, Keith Robert 791

Cram, Cleveland 523, 651

Crampton, John 519

Crawford, Albert 409

Crawford, David 731-2

Crichton, David 414, 602, 652

Criminal Justice Bill (1998) 794

Cripps, Stafford 562

Critchett, Ian 602

Critchfield, James 681, 689

Croatian Clerical Party 339

Croatian Confraternity of San Girolamo 169, 339

Croatian Liberation Movement (HOP) 354, 444

Croatian Red Cross 169

Croatian State Committee 352

Crockett, Norman 114

Crofton, John 289, 293

Crook ('Kruk'), Maj. 107, 108

Crosland, Anthony 336

CROSSLINE Operation 348

Crossman, Richard 479, 480, 539, 716

Crosthwaite, Moore 380

Crouch, Michael 686

Crouchley, Arthur 517

Crow, Sir Alwyn 145

Crowfoot, John 540

Crowley, Aleister 441

'Crown project' 419

Crozier, Brian 712, 714, 716-17

Cruickshank, Gerald 142

Crusade for Freedom 373

Crusaders (Krizari) 339-43, 348, 352, 353

Cuban Missile Crisis 708

Cumming, Malcolm 408, 521

Cumming, Mansfield 4

Cuneo, Ernest 49, 50, 55, 154-5

Current Intelligence Group (CIG) 748, 764, 790

Curry, Jack 11, 15

Curtis, John 695

Curwen, Christopher 753, 758

Customs and Excise 501, 772, 775

CX Book (Weekly Summary of Intelligence) 749; reports 761, 766, 793

Cyprus Defence Regulation 643

Cyprus Emergency 553, 554

Cyprus Intelligence Committee 552

Czech government-in-exile 427

Czech Intelligence Office (CIO) 183, 184, 235, 407

Czechoslovak Export Agency 523


D

D-Day 241

da Silva, John 687, 690, 691, 696

Dadsetat, Farhat 696

Daftary, Gen. 593, 594

Daghestani, Gen. 636, 668

Dallas, George 430

Dalton, Hugh 367, 430

Daly, Ralph 686, 691

Damascene Group 655

Damaskinos, Archbishop 307, 311, 312, 315, 319

Damjanovic, Miodrag 331, 335, 345, 352

(BE)DAMN programme 566, 588, 595

Dangerfield, Mrs Elma 425-8, 431-4, 437, 438, 447, 449

Daniel, Norman 667

Dankers, Oskars 270, 271

Dansey, Claude 124, 131, 168, 174, 426

Darbyshire, Norman 537, 560, 561, 563, 564, 570-73, 577, 578, 580, 585-6, 588, 589, 592, 629, 654, 665, 670, 707

Darwin, Charles 140

Dassault 761

Dattner, Stephen 232

Daugavas Vanagi 279, 289

Daunoras (Baltic agent) 285

Davidson, Gen. F.H.N. 14

Davies, Brig. E.M. 357-8

Davies, Ted 525, 618

Dawson, Robert 703

de Courcy, Kenneth 250, 429, 430, 447, 448, 506

de Garston, Lancelot 547

de Gaulle, Charles 170, 173, 457

de Gooreynd, Kock 456

de Haan, Teddy 547, 600, 654

de la Billiere, Peter 686-7

de la Vallee Poussin, Senator 507

de Salis, Charles 410

de Silva, Peer 717, 719

de Zulueta, Philip 673

Dean, Maurice 85

Dean, Patrick 509, 586, 621, 624, 626, 627, 630, 636, 640, 641, 658, 662, 669

Deane-Drummond, Tony 664

Debardeleben, Dan 632-3

Debringhaus, Erhard 110

Deci, Selim 394

Dedijer, Vlado 395

'Defectors Committee' 145-6

Defence and Overseas Policy Committee 670

Defence Advisory Group 753

Defence Intelligence Staff (DIS) 518, 524, 723, 742, 764, 777

Defence Research Agency 774-5

Defence Scientific Intelligence Unit 149

Defence White Papers: 1957 677; 1966 696

Deksnys, Jonas 279, 282, 283, 285, 287, 292, 293, 296

Del Greco, Dominic 117

Delegation of Armed Forces (Delegatura Sil Zbrojnych (DSZ)) 256, 257

DELFINIUS Operation 524, 525

Delmer, Sefton 96, 97, 536

Democratic Army (Greece) 324, 327

Demyanov, Aleksandr ('Max') 385, 410, 411

Denard, Bob 685-6, 686

Denham, Hugh 623

Denne, Alurid 29

Dennison, Malcolm 664, 730, 731

Dennys, Rodney 363, 391, 624

Department of Army Detachment (DAD) 109, 114, 210, 362

Department of Trade and Industry 789

Department to Combat Bandits (USSR) 235

Deportees Committee 428

Dering, Dr Vladislav 434-5

DERMOT Operation 663

Desert Fox Operation 772

Desert Storm Operation 675, 753

Deterding, Sir Henry 406

Deutsche Arbeitsfront 175

Deutsche Revolution 107-10

Deva, Xhafer 357, 358, 372, 382, 387

Deverell, John 741

Dhofar Liberation Front 730

Diana, Princess of Wales 788

Dickson, Dickie 158

Dimitri Pavlovitch, Grand Duke 409

Dimitrov, Georgi 175

ed-Din, Saleh 629

Dine, Fiqri 359, 362

Diomedes, Alexander 380

Directorate of Counter-Intelligence and

Security (DCIS) 723-4

Directorate of Forxvard Plans (DFP) 157, 158

Discoverer satellite programme 709

Displaced Persons Act (1948) 240

DISTANT signalling system 707

Divall, Tony 297, 512, 737

Diversified Corporate Services 795

Divsaller (Shah's mistress) 563

Dixon, Peter 633-4

Dixon, Piers 307, 310, 581

Djilas, Milovan 395

Doctors' Plot 499

Dodds-Parker, Douglas 20, 33, 37, 188, 260, 440, 458, 467, 510, 624, 625, 641, 644

Dodds-Parker Committee see Psychological Warfare Consultations Committee

Doenitz, Adm. 25

Dolbeare, Frederic 437

Dollan, Sir Patrick 428

Domobrans (Home Guard) 332, 335, 337, 338, 339, 345; Black Hand 332; Information Department 332

Donnelly, J.G. 52

Donovan, William 51, 52, 53, 167, 437, 454, 462, 464, 465, 538

Doran, Desmond 544

Dorman, Geordie 686

Dosti, Hassan 372, 373, 382, 387, 391, 399

Douglas, Jeff 691

Douglas-Hamilton, Lord Malcolm 448

Douglas-Home, Alec (Lord Home) 681, 682, 684, 689, 691, 693

Douglass, Kingman 53, 54, 55

Dowlatshahi, Shapour 591

Dowling, David 659

Downes, Donald 45

IDownton, Eric 679, 681

Draganovic, Father Krunoslav 116, 169, 171, 330, 336, 339-40, 342, 346-50, 354

Dragon Returnees 148-9

Dragutin Subotic School of Slavic Studies 351

Drew, John 157

Drljaca, Simo 328, 329

Drossos, Giorgos 316

Druze tribe 636, 642, 666

DST security service 757

Dubinsky, David 464

Duclos, Jacques 66

Dulger-Sheiken, Nicholas 409

Dulles, Allen 54, 89, 105, 119, 124, 129, 168, 169, 198, 245, 264, 368, 373, 399, 400, 419, 437, 457, 458, 462, 464, 467, 479, 484, 496, 504-6, 566, 574, 579, 581, 583, 586, 587, 591, 595, 596, 598, 607, 614, 615, 622, 627, 633, 637, 642, 646, 647, 649, 651, 655, 660, 668, 669, 707

Dulles, John Foster 169, 436, 437, 461, 462, 495, 497, 504, 505, 581, 582, 587, 588, 596, 604, 608, 620, 627, 633, 636, 642, 646, 655, 657

Duncan, Sir Andrew 462

Dundas, Charles 536-7

Dunderdale, Wilfred 130, 147, 166, 186, 188, 189, 211, 249, 250, 405

Durcansky, Ferdinand 171, 181-2, 183, 443

Durrell, Lawrence 550-51

Dwyer, Peter 153, 154, 368

Dyan, Moshe 640


E

Earley, Peter 750

Eastman, Max 436

Easton, James 26, 130, 146, 298, 367, 384, 385, 396, 493, 494, 547, 621, 625, 630, 662

EASTWIND Operation 203, 433

Ebjehaj, Abal Hassan 576-7

Ebtahaj, A. 584

Eccles, David 460

Economic Co-operation Administration (ECA) 463

Economic Commission for Europe (proposed) 460

Economic League 430

Eden, Anthony 14, 21, 28, 36, 37, 53, 469, 487, 490-91, 494, 496, 497, 500, 504, 510, 514, 549, 553, 612-13, 618, 624, 631, 646, 658; Egypt 602, 603-4, 606, 607-8, 612, 613, 614, 616, 620-21, 623, 626, 627, 628, 634, 636, 637, 639, 640, 649, 666; Eisenhower 608, 609, 648; Greece 307, 308, 311; Iran 570, 571, 573, 578, 581-2, 583, 586, 587, 598-9; resignation 652; U-2s 617

'Edmundes' (agent) 297

Edward VII, King 3

Edwards, Bob 447, 460

Edwards, Geoffrey 694

Edwards, Robin 692

Eek, Ake 276

Egerfangst 524-5

Egerton, Sir Alfred 140

Egypt Committee 623-4, 627

Egyptian Army 629, 657; General Staff 601, 604

Eichelberger, James 601, 610, 615, 620

Eichmann, Adolf 109

8th Army 23, 122, 125, 341

Einsatzgruppen: B 216, 226; C 226

Eisenhower, Dwight D. 89, 102, 157, 258, 267, 373, 396, 480, 495, 496, 497, 504, 505, 516, 519, 580, 581, 589, 590, 594, 607, 609, 621, 636, 645, 647, 648, 657, 659, 663, 669; Doctrine 668

electronic intelligence (ELINT) 524

Eleksynas, Juozas 271

Elizabeth II, Queen 626, 776

Ellersiek, Kurt 107

Elleston, Harold 790-91

Elliot, Roger 110-11

Elliot, T.S. 438

Elliott, Geoffrey 176

Elliott, Kavan 175-6

Elliott, Nicholas 190, 418, 419, 605, 618, 619, 626, 647, 670-71, 684, 705, 710, 722

Ellis, Charles 50, 51, 54, 135, 166, 167, 189, 190-91, 405, 407

Elwes, Dominic 695

EM see European Movement

Emami, Jamal 573

Emmet, Christopher 436

Enemy Personnel Exploitation Section 137, 143

Enemy Publications Committee 139

ENGULF Operation 623, 647

Enigma machine code 250, 622

Enosis 550, 552, 556

EPSILON Operation 139

Erglis, Janis 295

Ermneji, Abas 357, 372, 374, 392, 398-9, 401

Estonian National Committee 286

Etezadi, Mrs NIalekeh 592

Eugen, Prince 337

Europe Study Group 456

European Defence Community (EDC) 487,650

European Economic Community (EEC) 467, 474

European Federalist Movement (EFM) 457

European Freedom Council 222, 449

European Fund for Exiles (proposed) 447

European League for Economic Co-operation (ELEC) 459-60, 462, 463

European Movement (EM) 168, 375, 437-40, 449, 453, 454; Action Committee 467; aims 465; British strength within 464; Central and Eastern European Commission 439-40, 446, 492, 507; Churchill and 458, 465; and the Council of Europe 465; and ELEC 459; EYC 469; funding 464, 465-7, 470; key members 457; NATO 465; origins 455-6; role 463; UK National Council 446 European Recovery Programme (ERP) 53, 65, 462-3

European Union (EU) 755, 780, 790

European Union of Federalists (EUF) 440, 461, 462, 464, 467

European Voluntary Workers (EVW) programme 285, 288, 433, 442, 443

European Youth Campaign (EYC) 469, 470

Europol 775

Evalovsky, John 263

Evang, Wilhelm 524

Evans, D.E. 209

Evans, Glynne 792

Eveland, Wilbur C. 615, 616, 621, 628, 633, 637, 638, 652, 653

Explosives Research and Development Establishment 634

External Trade Organisation 762

Extradition Tribunal, Hamburg 351


F

Fain, Nandi 177

Faisal, King of Iraq 623, 667, 695, 696, 698

Faisal, Prince, of Saudi Arabia 681, 682, 687, 693

Falle, Sam 570, 571, 575-79, 667

Falques, Roger 685, 686, 738

FANTASTIC Operation 522

Farago, Ladislas 95-6, 102

Fardust, Hossein 563, 576, 654

Farfield Foundation 479, 480

Farkas, Ferenc 178, 444

Farm Hall, near Cambridge 139

Farmer, John 603, 629-30, 652, 653

Farouk, King of Egypt 538, 601, 652

Farrell, Terry 776

Farzaniega (Iranian conspirator) 594

FAST BOWLER 74

Fatemi (Iranian Foreign Minister) 590

Fawzi, Mahmoud 636

Faysal, Shihab Bin 731

Fearnley, John 570

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 97, 154, 384

Fees, James 689, 692, 697

Feis, Herbert 15

Fergusson, Bernard 635, 643, 644

Ferjencik, Gen. 182

'Ferret' flights 53

Fesq, Suzanne 120

Fforter, Alexis 570, 602, 654, 667-8, 670

Field, Noel 484, 485

Field Information Agency (Technical) (FIAT) groups 137

Field Security 100, 102, 107

Fielding, Xan 376

FIEND Operation see VALUABLE Operation

5th Corps 200, 338

15th Cossack Cavalry Corps 337

15th Waffen-SS Latvian Division 271

50-50 agreement 559, 568, 595

Figel, Leopold 124

Figg, Leonard 635

Figgures, Frank 726-7

Fildes, Paul 611

Findlay, C. 347

Finklestone, Joseph 545

Finnish Intelligence 278

Firebrace, Col. 13

First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (FANY) 378

First Belorussian Convention (1918) 219

First Ukrainian Division 198-202, 204, 241; 14th Galician Grenadier Division 241

1st Partisan Brigade 360

1st Russian National Liberation Army 413, 415

1st Weather Reconnaissance Squadron (Provisional) 617

Firth, Maurice 605

Fischer, Ruth 476

Fishery Protection Service 291

Fishwick, Nick 791, 792

Fisk, Robert 125, 129, 666

FitzGerald, Desmond 711

Fleischmann, Julius 479, 480

Fleming, Sir Alexander 140

Fleming, Anne 481

Fleming, Ian 137, 176, 610-11, 649

Fleming, Robert 462

Fletcher, Richard 791

Flowers, Ken 725

Flowers family 289

Flux, J.B. 632

Foley, Charles 550, 552

Foley, Maurice 470

Foot, Sir Hugh 534, 555-6

Foot, M.R.D. 28

Foote, Allan 418-19

Footman, David 29, 59, 416

Force 399 360

Foreign Affairs Information Service 441

Foreign Affairs Select Committee (House of Commons) 765, 776

Foreign and Commonwealth Office 239, 277, 290, 306, 405, 474, 488-90, 504, 509, 514, 522, 527, 549, 661, 672, 698, 768, 784, 789, 792; abandons 'roll-back' 496; advocates armed preparedness against Soviet pressure 258; Albania 355, 362, 371, 380, 385; All-Party Parliamentary War Crimes Group 280; anti-drugs drive 775; Baykolov 433; Church House conference 447-8; Churchill 495, 500, 505; Cold War 34; the deal with Harel 670-71; 'Diplomatic List' 787; Eastern Department 558, 564, 572; and Eden 510; EDES 307; Egypt 606, 620, 630, 643; EM 446, 453; émigré affairs 446; forced repatriation 431; gas bomb reports 688; German Department 281; Greece 314, 316, 324, 325, 327; Information Department 539; IPG 429; Iran 558, 561, 568, 570, 571, 578, 583; JIC 660, 747, 759; limits circulation of PHP texts 14; and M16 723, 776, 777-8, 798; Non-Proliferation Department 764; Northern Department 242, 279, 510; NUS 471; Plechavicius 282; Poland 252, 254, 428; Positive Vetting Section 495; propaganda unit 442; Research Department 535; Russia Committee (Committee on Policy Towards Russia) 40-43, 71, 73, 74, 78, 82-6, 172, 365-7, 393, 471, 491-2, 499-500, 510, 534-5, 561; the SAS 663; Security Department xvi; and Selwyn Lloyd 608; Serbia 791; Service Liaison Department 67; SLEF 442, 443; the SOE 303, 467, 534, 535; Southern Department 67-8, 316, 344; and Stewart 445; and Stokes 434; Suharto 718; UN Weapons Inspectorate 767; US State Department 675; Voight and Mrs Dangerfield persona non grata 427; Waffen-SS tattoos issue 285 WAY 468-9; Yugoslavia 331-3, 340, 344, 347, 349, 351, 353, 790; and Zarine 279, 280

Foreign Organisations Branch (UZU) 421

Foreign Relations Council 438

Forest Brotherhood 270, 275, 283, 286, 292

Foroud, Fatouah 563

Forrestal, James 53, 242

Forsyth, Frederick 102

Fort Detrick Special Operations Division 634

Forward March committee 435

'Foster' (MI6) 423

Foulkes, George 475

Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs 469

14th Intelligence Company 328

Francis Ckryvana Library 218

Franco Bahamonde, Francisco 430

Frank, Charles 134, 139

Franke-Gricksch, Alfred 103

Franklin, George S. 464

Franks, Arthur 577, 596, 704, 744, 745

Franks, Brian 33, 377, 684, 685

Franks, Lord 36, 88, 746, 747

Fraser, Fiona 685

Fraser, Hugh 683

Fraser, Sir William 595-6

Frasheri, Mehdi 357, 358

Frasheri, Midhat 357, 358, 372-4, 379, 381, 382, 387

Frastachy, Dr 182

Frawley, Ray 623

Frazier, Robert 45, 66

Fred Olsen Ltd 524

Free Czech Information news agency 183

Free European Press Service 440

Free Iraq radio station 753

Free Unionist Officers 735

Freedom and Independence (WiN) 257,

260-66, 497; Home Organisation 263-6;

London WiN Centre 263, 264, 265

Freedom First 75-6

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) xv

Freitag, Fritz 197-8

Fremde Heere Ost (FHO; Foreign Armies East) 101, 103, 104, 409

Frenay, Henri 457, 461, 464

French Army 409, 456

French General Staff 194

French Intelligence 170, 250, 294, 375, 381

French National Committee 10

French Navy 637

French Resistance 408

Fressanges, AN.M. 519

Friends of Nationalist Spain 430

Frontline Reconnaissance Detachments 101

Frye, Richard 579

Fuchs, Klaus 151, 153, 154, 155

Fugitt, Warren 446

Fuller, F.C. 441, 442, 445

Fuller, Horace 'Hod' 392

Fulton, Andrew 791-2

Fulton, James 30, 146

Fund for International Student Co-operation (FISC) 475

Fund for Youth and Student Affairs (FYSA) 473

Furlong, Geoffrey 564

Furnival-Jones, Martin 111

Fyvel, T.R. 478, 479-80


G

G2 Int. co-ordinator 665

G7 summit (1996) 774

al-Gaddafi, Muammar 735, 736, 737, 793

al-Gadr, Sheikh Naji bin Ali 692

Gafencu, Grigore 180

Gailitis, Arvits 296

Gaitskell, Hugh 497, 508

Galdins, Andrei 293

Gale, Roger 409

Gamelin, Gen. 194

Gandy, Christopher 682

Gane, Barrie 753, 759, 760

Gano, Col. 255

Gardai Special Branch 741

Gardener, John 622

Gardiner, Charles 123

'Garis' (MGB agent) 293

Gascoigne, Sir Alvary 489

Gaspari, Alcide de 62, 173, 342, 463, 508

Gatehouse, Maj. 193, 194, 248

Gattiker, David 138

Gecas, Anatas 271, 288

Gedda, Luigi 438

Gehlen, Reinhard 101, 103-6, 109, 246, 291, 294, 409, 410, 424, 496; Organisation 104, 105-6, 246, 291, 297, 421, 422, 423, 502, 515, 525

GEN 42 (secret Cabinet Comn-dttee) 738, 739

General Intelligence (Operations and Intelligence) (GI (OPs & 1)) 386

General Investigation Division (GID) 735

General Staff (Research) (G.S.(R)) (later Military Intelligence (R) (M.I. (R)) 20

'General Support Branch' (M16) 742

George II, King of Greece 305, 306, 310, 311, 312, 316, 320, 321, 323, 324

George V, King 3

Georgian Security Ministry 506

Gerar-Fubto, Col. 111

Gerhard, Jan 236, 265

German Army 228, 272, 329, 334, 411

German Intelligence Service (GIS) 99, 103, 104, 228, 229, 407, 408, 409, 419, 502, 778

German Special Service Division 'R' 409, 412

Gerson, John 797, 800

Gestapo 11, 100, 118, 195, 199, 226, 228, 234, 254, 273, 274, 332, 337, 358, 406, 409, 411, 412, 413, 419

Gheorghi-Dej, Gheorghe 180, 181

Gibb, Andrew 429

Gibson, Archie 175, 180, 207, 269

Gibson, George 462

Gibson, Harold 199, 242, 269, 277, 543

Giffard, Diana (Lady Airey of Abingdon) 427

Gilchrist, Sir Andrew 718

GiInashah, Gen. 584

Ginters, Vladmars 274, 281

GIRAFFE Operation 756

Giscard D'Estaing, Val6ry 337

Gizenga, Antoine 721

Gjura, Adem 393, 394

Gladins, Andrei 288

'Gladio' 32, 99; Glaive 182n

Glass, Leslie 552, 554

Glove, J.G. 632

Glubb, John 612, 625

Glyn, Lord 644

Godfrey, John 34, 137

Goebbels, Joseph 442

Gogo, Gaqi 379

Goiran, Roger 574, 577, 584

Gold code-breaking unit 545

GOLD Operation see STOPWATCH Operation

Goldberg, Arthur 464

Goleniewski, Michal ('Sniper') 704

Golitsin, Anatoli 707, 714

Gollancz, Victor 460

Gollin, Edward 135

Golling, Otto 147

Goncharov, Vadim 526

Gonda, Col. 127-8

Goodwin, Joe 588, 592

Goodwin, Michael 479

Gooley, Mike 691

Gorbachev, Mikhail 747, 748, 750, 751

Gordievsky, Oleg 742-3, 749, 750, 751

Gordon-Smith, Col. 121

Gorka, Paul 176, 177, 178

Goschen, Anthony 131

Gottberg, Kurt von 216, 217

Gottlieb, Sidney 649

Gottwald, Klement 61

Gouzenko, Igor 29, 152

Government Code and Cipher School (GC&CS), Bletchley Park 5, 35, 96, 139, 303; Abwehr ciphers 12; funding 27; reads the cipher of the Luftwaffe 12; and the Red Army 410-11; Soviet signals initiative 16; success in signals cryptanalysis 249-50; transfers to Eastcote 56

Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) 56, 57, 501, 519, 521, 524, 527, 534, 545, 551, 561, 605, 620, 622, 623, 640, 647, 650, 682, 719, 722, 727, 728, 748, 762, 773, 775, 777, 781, 788, 789, 797, 799; H Division 623; J Division 751

Gowen, William 349, 350

'G(R) 16' Mission 195

Graham, Lt-Col. A.G. 636

Graham, Brig. John 732

Grant, Alastair 378

Grazier, Albert 637

'Great Raid' 237

'Great Sweeper' 485

Greek: Central Intelligence Service (KYP) 305, 326; Gendarmerie 318-23, 326, 327; government-in-exile 306; National Army (GNA) 321, 326, 327, 384; National Guard 309, 310, 314, 316, 317; National Party 323; National Unity 309; Security Committees 320; War Ministry 318

Greene, Graham 120, 391, 547

Greene, Hugh Carlton 78, 79, 381, 510, 624

Greene, Tom 166, 211

Greenhill, Denis 711, 715, 725, 726, 727, 744

Greer, Eric 527

Gregorovic, Milovan 632

Gregory, Sir Richard 140

Grennan, Dennis 475, 722

Grew, Joseph E. 437

Griffith, W. 446

Grimson, Tom 130, 523

Grisewood, Harman 75, 479

Grivas, George 310, 320, 550, 551, 552, 553, 555, 557

Grives, Gen. 138

Grocholoski, Count Ksawery 259-60

Grotewohl (East German communist leader) 61, 63

Grottrup, Helmut 149

Groves,'Butch' 117

GRU see Soviet Military Intelligence

Gruber, Karl 119, 124, 127, 128

GUARDIAN Operation 352

Gubbins, Sir Colin 31, 32, 33, 71, 98, 187, 192, 193, 254, 261, 268, 363-4, 377, 414, 439, 457, 495, 496, 508; accused by the British intelligence community 251-2; the AK 253; Albania 356, 372; anti-communism 19, 20; and assassination plans 611-12; Beddington-Behrens 456, 458, 460; Cavendish-Bentinck 23; the fusion of the SIS and the SOE 27, 28; Mikolajczyk 251; places forty missions in Italy 21; the Polish Mission in Paris 249; the Promethean League 187, 194; Retinger works with 463; Sikorski 250; VALUABLE 363

Gulf War 762, 764, 765, 769

Gurrey, Donald 737


H

'H-bomb' test (1957) 159-60

Habsburg, Archduke Otto von 165, 167, 173

Haddon, Col. 142

HADES Operation 765

'Haescher' (of BND) 756

Haganah 544, 546, 547, 549

Hagelin cipher machine 623

Hague Conference (1948) 439

Hague war crimes tribunal 328

Hahn (agent) 77

Haig, Al 769

Haines, Joe 141

Hakluyt Foundation 795

Hale, Harry 666

Hall, Sir Richard 605

Hallstein, Walter 458

Haloun, Gustav 208-9

Hambro, Sir Charles 138-42, 510, 525, 624, 641

Hambros Bank 525

Hamdi, Mohamud 605

Hamdun, Mustafa 622

HAMILCAR plan 626

Hamilton, Denis 692

Hamilton, John de Courcy 601-2

Hammarskjold, Dag 636, 721

Hampshire, Stuart 106

Hamud Al Bu Said, Hamad bin 731

Hankey, Lord 255, 603

Hankey, Robin 83, 98, 122, 255, 325, 366

Hanna, Yousseff Megali 632

Harapi, Anton 357

Harcourt, Viscount Bill 360, 361

Harding, Sir John 552, 554

Hare, Alan 357, 359, 371, 374, 380, 386

Harel, Isser 670-71

Harney, Desmond 687, 744-5

Harriman, Averell 460, 464, 574

Harrison, G.W. 106

Harvey, Sir Malcolm 429

Harvey, Oliver 40

Harvey, William 396, 516, 523, 611

Harvey-Jones, John 157-8, 290-91

Hasan, Prince Hasanbin 697

Hashemi, Jasmed 760

Hashimi-Nijhad, Muhsin 597

Hasluck, Margaret 355-6

Hassan, Abdul Fattah 644

Hassanein Pasha 538

Hastings, Edward 29

Hastings, Stephen 554, 555-6, 557

Hattersley, Roy 471

Hawkesworth, Gen. 310

Hayhoe, Barney 470

Haynes, (Sir) George 468

Hayter, Sir William 77, 84, 319, 365, 368, 369, 441, 482

Hazell, Ronald 250, 260-61

Head, Viscount 735

Healey, Denis 37, 68-9, 75, 496, 497, 508, 648, 717, 725, 727, 728

Heath, Sir Edward 460, 474, 738, 739

Heathcote, Mark 746

Hebblethwaite, Sydney 624, 644

Heber-Percy, Bill 686, 691

Hedayat, Gen. 576

Hefer, Stejpan 337, 354, 444

Heikel, Mohammed 602, 610

Hejai, Gen. 576

Helios II photographic satellite 778

Helms, Richard 105, 368, 637, 651, 689, 694, 710, 716, 717

Henderson, George 686, 689

Henderson, Loy 45, 574, 581, 587, 590, 591, 593

Henderson, Nicholas 481

'Henley' (security code word) 325

Henry, John 633-4

Herbert, Auberon 200, 257, 375, 405, 444, 445, 447, 517

Herbert, Mr and Mrs Aubrey 355

Herman, Michael 751

HERO Operation 704, 708

Heydrich, Reinhard 611

Hibberdine, John 357, 374-5, 390, 395

Hibbert, Sir Reginald 334, 356, 359, 360, 365, 366-7, 402

HIGHJUMP Operation 343

HIGHLAND FLING Operation 203

Hilali Pasha 601

Hillenkoetter, Roscoe 57

Hills, Denis 149, 201, 202, 203, 255, 433

Hilton Assigment 735-8

Himmler, Heinrich 197, 227, 230, 271, 411, 442

Hinchinbrooke, Viscount 603

Hinsley, Harry 12, 52, 54

Hinton, Geoffrey 601, 704

Hiram, Dan 680

Hirsch, Walter 143

HIS (hostile intelligence services) 786

Hitler, Adolf 37, 40, 179, 191, 194-7, 227, 270, 272, 332, 335, 360, 409, 410, 411, 441, 442

Hlinka, Monsignor Andrej 181

Hlinka Guard 171

HND 335

Hodgkin, Edward 537

Hodson, L.S. 488

Hoffman, Emil 107, 108

Hofmann, Peter 149

Hohenlohe, Prince Max 168

Holdsworth, Gerry 33, 363-4

Holford, Sir George 3

Hollis, Christopher 447

Hollis, Leslie 7

Hollis, Roger 9, 447

Holocaust 546, 547

Holroyd, Fred 741

Home Executive Committee 225

Home Office 347, 399, 433, 435, 486, 768

Hooded Men 442

Hook, Sydney 476

Hooper, Robin 631

Hoover, Herbert, Jnr 581, 595

Hopkinson, Henry 550

Hoppe, Ernst 97

Horn, Carl von 682

HORNBEAM Operation 524

Horniblow, Phillip 685

Horsford, Derek 671-2

Horthy de Nagybanya, Miklos 173, 329

Horvath, Imre 178

Hotchkiss, Ted 588, 596

Houghton, Harry 704

Hovey, Allan, Jnr 469

Howarth, David 123, 257

Howarth, Patrick 255, 261

Howe, Geoffrey 749, 763

Hoxha, Enver 356, 357, 359-62, 364-7, 369, 370, 372, 374, 376, 379-84, 386, 388, 392-5, 401, 402

Hoxha, Muhamet Zeqir 397, 398

Hrynioch, Father John (Ivan) 199, 200, 226, 227, 228, 230, 232, 234, 235, 238

Hsaj-Rezati, Tayyeb 593

Hubt, Sir John 706

Hudal, Bishop Alois 115, 346

Hudson, Col. 'Bill' 253

Hughes, Aneurin Rhys 474

Hughes, F. 731

Hulton, Edward 435-6

HUMINT (human intelligence gathering) 135

Hungarian Freedom Fighters (HFF) 177

Hungarian government-in-exile 427

Hungarian Uprising (1956) 177, 516, 640, 645, 653

Hurd, Douglas 610, 758, 765, 780

Hurn, Roger 777

Hurran, Christopher 783-4

al Hussain, Prince 697

Hussein, King of Jordan 612, 639, 655, 668, 669, 679, 681, 694

Hussein, Prince Mohammed 682, 684

Hussein, Saddam 752, 753, 766, 76,, 781, 782, 800

Hussein, Sharif 680, 686

al-Husseini, Haj Amin 537

Huston, Lawrence 51

Hutton, Robert 140

Hyde, H. Montgomery 190, 508, 611

Hyde, Henry 51, 54

Hyman, Ronald 46

Hynd, Harry 460


I

Ibn Hussein, Sharif Saleh 679-80

Ibrahim, Ahmed Bin 731

IDEA see Sacred Bond of Greek Officers

Idris, King of Libya 694, 735, 736, 737

IG Farben 143, 144, 246, 362

Ignatieff, N. 13

'Ilok, Stefan' 182

Ilyan, Michel 622, 628, 636, 637, 638, 642

Imperial Defence College (IDC) 72, 77, 82-3

'Imperial Films' (fictional) 379

Imperial Policy Group (IPG) 250, 429

Independent Labour Party (ILP) 428, 435

Independent League for European Co-operation (ILEC) 458

Independenza 372, 399

Indian Communist Party Congress (1948) 87

Industrial Bank of Persia 581

Information Co-ordination Executive 635

Information Research Department (IRD) 71, 72, 75, 78, 79-80, 82, 147-8, 183, 442, 444, 445, 447, 468, 476, 479, 480, 482, 490, 507, 625, 635, 714, 726, 733, 787

Inglis, Sir John 618

Ingram, Capt. D.C. 290

Ingwar 409

Inner Line 189, 406-7

Institute for the Study of Democracy 754

Institute for the Study of the USSR 423

Institute of Central and Eastern European Studies (proposed) 447

Institute of Directors 430

INTEGRAL Operation 223, 242

Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC)

(House of Commons) 780, 798

Intelligence and Security Co-ordinator (ISC) 727

Intelligence Services Act (1994) 758, 761, 794

Inter-Governmental Committee on Refugees (IGCR) 348

Inter-Service Committee on Propaganda Dissemination 77

Inter-Services Liaison Department (ISLD) 306, 333, 533, 544

Intermarium 17, 113, 126, 163, 166, 167, 170-76, 181, 183, 237, 238, 239, 279, 404, 430-31, 432, 434, 492

Internal Security Corps (KBW) 254

International Anti-Bolshevik Co-ordination Centre (MAKC) 503

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 765

International Centre of Free Trade Unions in Exile (ICFTUE) 440, 447

International Committee for the DP and Political Emigres 234

International Court of Justice, The Hague 362

International Day of Resistance to Dictatorship and War (1949) 476

International Federation of Free Journalists of Central and Eastern Europe 440-41

International Flag of Liberty 492

International Monetary Fund 576

International Peasant Union 175, 447

International Press Bureau 239

International Publishing Corporation 482

lnternational Red Cross 346, 347, 350

International Refugee Organisation (IRO) 354

International Student Conference (ISC) 471-5

International Student Congress 43

International Union of Socialist Youth (IUSY) 469, 470

International Union of Students (IUS) 471

Inverailort Irregular Training centre 24

Inverchapel, Lord (Sir Archibald Clark Kerr) 25, 45, 53, 441

Ionides, Michael 667

Iraii, Col. Richard 224, 225-6, 234

Iran, Empress of 590

Iran, Mohammed Pahlavi, Shah of 558, 559, 560, 563, 564, 566, 567, 569, 572, 575, 576, 577, 579, 582, 585, 587-98, 654, 691, 744, 745

Iranian Ministry of Intelligence 771

Iranian National Bank 567

Iraqi Army 674

Iraqi National Accord (INA) 781-2

Iraqi National Congress 782

Iraqi Petroleum Company 606

Irgun 549

Irish Republican Army (IRA) 20, 223, 317, 429, 738-41, 768, 771, 781

Iron Guard (Romania) 178, 179, 180, 223, 444

Iron Wolf (mythical guerrilla unit) 278

Ironside, Field Marshal 19, 268, 428

Irving, Barrie 776

Ishaki, Ayaz 196

Isham, Col. 280

Isham, Sir Gyles 544

Islamic Fighting Force 793

ISOS (Intelligence Section, Oliver Strachey) reports 7

Italian Army 231

Italian Intelligence 226, 390

Italian Peace Treaty (1945) 341

Italian police 350; 'Special Branch' 341

Ivanovic, Branislav 354


J

J. and P. Coats 429

J. Henry Schroeder 581

J. Walter Thompson 96

Jackson, C.D. 392, 497, 505, 506, 590

Jackson, R. 570

Jackson, William H. 53, 55, 89

Jacob, Sir Ian 43, 78, 79, 84, 494

JAGUAR Operation 734

James, Christopher 795

Jamieson, Sir Archibald 462

Janke, Ernst 107

Janums, Vilis 270, 275, 289

Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry 761-2

Jarvis, Fred 472

Jasenovac concentration camp 125

JASON Operation 734

Jebb, Gladwyn 13, 42, 73, 83, 85, 138, 146, 148, 365-6, 368, 372, 383, 505, 545

Jebb Committee 85, 510

Jeddah agreement 696

Jeffes, Maurice 28

Jelic, Brancko 331-2, 347

Jellicoe, Earl 368, 385

Jerrod, Douglas 430

JETSTREAM Operation 778-9

Jetton, Francis 656

Jewish Agency 544, 545

JIO see Joint Intelligence Organisation

Johnson, Ben 705

Johnson (CIC officer) 420

Johnson, Jim 684-5, 688, 691, 693, 738

Johnson, Lyndon B. 715, 716, 717

Johnson, Quentin 708

Johnston, Sir Charles 680, 683, 685, 686

Johnstone, Andrew 741

Johnstone, Kenneth 313

Joint 543, 545

Joint Chiefs of Staff 490, 519

Joint Concealment Centre 157

Joint Documents Center, Hochst 104

Joint Information and Propaganda Committee 713

Joint Intelligence Bureau (JIB) 26, 54, 55, 72, 148, 149, 396, 487-8, 522, 723

Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) 25, 35, 39, 65, 67, 81, 82, 86, 103, 133, 135, 136, 142, 155, 205, 252, 254, 281, 494, 505, 509-10, 521, 522, 533, 541, 626, 638, 642, 646, 661, 706, 720, 748, 758-9, 762, 764, 766, 777, 785; CIG on the Balkans 790; control of 660-61, 747; Economic/Industrial section 743; Egypt 602; forecasts Soviet expansion 534; the Foreign Office 660, 747, 759; Iran 535, 561, 771; Lord Hankey and 255; 'Priority 1' targets 150; PUSC 494-5; 'Relations with the Russians' 25; report (July 1948) 150-51; Requirements Directorate 743; the Russian Committee 40; the Russian 'Mafia' 773; Scientific section 743; the Sputnik launch 656; trade controls 508; Yugoslavia 328

Joint Intelligence Organisation (JIO) 726, 727

Joint International Committee of the Movement for European Unity (JICMEU) 462, 463, 464

Joint Interrogation Centre, Fort Morbut 696

Joint Money Laundering Steering Group 773

Joint Planning Staff (JPS) 25, 31, 32, 35, 88-9, 156, 308, 510

Joint Review Committee 348, 350

Joint Scientific and Technical Intelligence Committee (JSTIC) 135, 136

Jones, Eric 54, 640, 647

Jones, Muriel 494

Jones, R.V. 53, 133-6, 139, 143, 505, 521-2

Jonson, Lt-Col. 338

Jordania, Noe 211

Josey, Alex 712-13

Josselson, Michael 477-80

Josten, Josef 183

Jovanovic, Dragoljub 350-51

Joyce, Robert 368, 369, 373, 382, 385, 393, 396, 399

Jumblatt, Kamal 666

JUNGLE Operation 288, 293

JUNK Operation 297


K

Kabbani, Umar 637, 655

KADESH Operation 642

Kajehnuri, Ebrahim 583

Kajteh-Nouri, Muhammed 584

Kalmucks 445

Kamazuk, Ilarion 244

Kameradenwerk 103

Kaminsky (Russian Nazi) 408

Karadzic, Radovan 791, 792

Karamanlis, Constantine 556

Karamessines, Thomas 321, 323, 326

Kashani, Ayatollah 565, 571, 576, 582, 583, 585, 593

Kashuba, Ivan 234

Kasmowich, Dimitri 216, 218, 221, 222

Kassem, Brig. 670, 672-3, 675

Katyn Massacre 251, 427

Kaunda, Kenneth 475, 722

Kavran, Bozidar 337, 339, 342, 348, 352

Kazem-Bek, Alexander 406, 409, 515

Keating, Rex 539

Kedia, Mikhail 196

KEELHAUL Operation 202, 343

Keenan, George 370, 478

Keightley, Gen. 635, 641, 644

Keitel 227

Kell, Sir Vernon 408

Kellar, Alexander 471

Kemp, Peter 253, 351, 357, 360, 381, 390, 395, 430

Kemsley, Viscount 462

Kendall, Raymond 774

Kendrew, Maj.-Gen. 553

Kennan, George 437, 441

Kennedy, John (aka Gvozdenovic) 790, 791

Kennedy, John F. 675, 689, 707, 709, 715

Kent Corps Specials 547

Kenwrick-Piercy, Maurice 791

Kenyan African National Union 721

Kenyatta, Jomo 739

Kerby, Henry 407, 408

Kerensky, Alexander 493

Kerno, Ivan 129

Kerr, Sir Archibald Clark see Inverchapel, Lord

Kerr, Philip (Lord Lothian) 456

Kerstens, P.A. 463

Keynes, J.M. 47

KGB see Soviet Ministry of State Security

Khairi, Mehmed Hussein 629, 644, 652, 658, 659

Khalil, Isameddine Mahmoud 629, 630, 652, 653, 658, 659

Khan, Kajum 444

Khan, Maik al Mohammed 567

Khatami, Lt. Mohammad 590-91

Khatibi, Hussain 585

Khokhlov, Nikolai 507

Khomeini, Ayatollah 593, 598, 745, 771

Khorunzhi, Nikita 502, 507

Khrushchev, Nikita 506, 507, 627, 707, 708, 713

Kiddie, Joy 767-8

Kielgast (informant) 77

Killearn, Lord 535

Kimiche, Jon 635

Kindleberger, Charles P. 460

King, Andrew 131

King, Cecil 69, 84, 481, 482

King-Hall, Stephen 460

Kirby-Green, Philip 555

Kirkpatrick, Ivone 27, 41, 72, 73, 74, 82, 365, 366, 606, 612, 613, 625, 626, 627, 630, 648

Kisvalter, George 705

Kiyani, Gen. 594

Klagenfurt, Bishop of 342

Klatt (Kauder), Richard 410, 411, 419, 420, 421

Kleinwort Benson 779

Klimkans, Janis 299, 515-16

Klimov, George 513

Klose, Hans Helmut 291, 293, 296, 298, 506

Klugman, James 333

Knightley, Philip 11

Knupffer, Georgi 413-14, 417, 418, 424, 433, 441

Knuth, Maria 266

Kock, Stephan 761

Koestler, Arthur 476, 477, 478

Kogon, Eugen 461, 477

Kolabic, Nikolai 342

Kolberg Ring 265-6

Kolchak, Adm. 19

Kolendic, Anton 127

Konovalets, Eugene 223, 224

Korbonski, Stefan 260, 261, 447, 448, 496, 507

Korean War 88, 89, 263, 391, 477, 488, 520, 524

Korfes, Gen. 226

Kosakivsky, Mykyta 226

Kostajnica 125

Kota, Nuci 399

Kovacevic, Milan 328, 329

Kowalski, Gregor 265-6

Kreisky, Bruno 123

Krek, Miha 171, 330, 332, 335, 339, 432, 434

Kren, Vladimir 347

Kripens, Arvids 271, 280

Kristol, Irving 480, 482

Krivitsky, Walter 190

Kroll Associates 795

Kruglov, Sergei 277-8, 284, 296

Kruk, Bohdan 229, 230

Kruk, W. 245

Krumins, Zigurd 297

Kryeziu, Gani 356, 359, 360, 372, 392, 393

Kryeziu, Hasan 359, 360

Kryeziu, Said 359, 360, 372, 381

Kube, Wilhelm 216

Kudirka, Zigmas 297

Kuhn, Prof Richard 144

Kulikowski, Col. 263

Kupi, Abas 356-60, 367, 372, 375, 376, 379, 381, 382, 385, 392

Kurelis, Janis 272

Kurelis resistance group 272-3, 284

Kushel, Franz 216, 217, 218, 220

Kutchuk, Fazil 556

Kutepov, Alexander 189, 268

Kuwait Oil Company 671

Kuwait Supreme Council 674

Kuwaiti Army 671

Kvaternik, Dido 329, 330, 336

Kwiesinski, Wincenty 262


L

Labour League of Youth (LLY) 469, 470

Labour Party 436, 471, 475, 480, 543, 724, 743; Baykolov and 404; CCF 482; defeats Churchill's 'caretaker' government 28, 35; EM 453; general elections 317, 728, 732; Hulton attacks 435; Iran 562; Keep Left group 461; lack of knowledge of security and intelligence services 80; 'third force' position 431

Labour Service Units (US) 289

Laci, Xhemal 392

Ladell, Dr 634

Laden, Osama bin 772

Lakhno, A.V. 502

Lambton, Ann 560-61, 562, 565, 570, 578

Lamda 1, 2 (spies) 704

Lancaster, Donald 712

Land of Fire operation 96

Lander, David 797

Landon, Timothy 731, 732

Lane, Arthur Bliss 436

Langardge, Dick 635

Langer, William L. 477

Langman, Nicholas 788

Lankarani brothers 571

Lapitski, Maikalaj 219

Lapping, Brian 593

LARWOOD Operation 127, 128

Laski, Harold 36

Lasky, Melvin 476, 477, 478, 481-2

Last, Tommy 375

Latamer Ltd 96

Latham, Ryder 512, 670

Latvian Central Council (LCC) 272, 276, 281

Latvian Guerrilla Communications Staff 286

Latvian Legion 271, 272, 275, 279, 289

Latvian Ministry of Interior: Committee of Latvian Volunteer Organisation 270

Latvian National Committee 274

Latvian National Council 274

'Latvian Red Cross' 279

Latvian Restoration Committee 289

Latvian SS Legion 276

Law, Richard 448, 496

Lawrence, T.E. 531

Lawson, Dominic 788

Layton, Lord 460, 463

le Carre, John 484

League of Nations 224; International Labour Office 456

League of Saint Andrew's Flag 421

League of the Rights of Man 431

Leatham, John 378

Lebed, Mikolai 200, 224-8, 230, 232, 234-9

Lecky, Terence 704, 705, 707

Lee, David 672

Lee Kuan Yew 712

Leeper, Rex 307, 309, 311-20, 323, 536

Legalite movement 357, 359, 372, 375, 376, 385, 388

Leger, Paul 610

Leib, Joseph 395, 398, 400, 401

Leibbrant, Georg 195, 216, 408

Leich, John 446

Leithammel, Col. 270

Lend-Lease 50

Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich 58, 88

'Leningrad case' 485

Lenkovsky, Stefan 235

Lennox-Boyd, Mark 690, 698

Leohnis, Clive 52

Lethbridge, J.S. 99, 144

Lett, Gordon 546

Letts, Robin 719

Lever, Peter 759

Leverkuehn, Paul 194

Lewis, Gen. 519

Liberation of Oman and the Arab Gulf (PFLO-AG) 734

Liberation of South Yemen (FLOSY) 697

Liddell, Guy 266, 407, 408, 418, 433, 486, 622

Liddell Hart, Sir Basil 38

Lieszkovsky, Vladimir 177

'Light' (agent) 605

Lindsay, Frank 264, 334, 369-70, 378-9, 395, 396-7, 400, 496

Ling, Walton 415

Link organisation 429

Liosis, Gen. 318

Lipa, Marko 387

Lipovec, Franjo 342, 343

LIST X firms 785

Listowel, Lord 357

Lithuanian Activist Front (LAF) 271

Lithuanian Freedom Army (LFA) 272

Lithuanian Freedom Fighters Association 282

Lithuanian Home Army 273, 275

Lithuanian Police Battalions 288

Little, Tom 631

Littlejohn brothers 741, 742

Litvinov, Maxim 38, 39

Liudzius, John 298, 498

Livitsky, Andrew 238

Liwycky, Mykola 244

Ljotic, Dimitrije 331, 332, 335, 352

Lloyd, Guy 428, 429, 434

Lloyd, John Selwyn 608, 614, 617, 620, 629,

630, 636, 637, 640, 647, 656, 657, 663

Lloyd George, David 405

Lloyds Bank 462

Locher, Karel 170, 432

Lockard, Lawrence 565

Lockerbie disaster 793

Lockhart, Robert Bruce 25, 71-2, 75, 77, 78, 432

Lockhead, Finlay 338

Loewe, Lionel 456

Logan, Donald 570-71

Logoreci, Anton 366

Lohr, Gen. 124, 125, 127

Loizides, Socrates 551

London Controlling Section (LCS) 156, 157, 290

London Press Service 76, 624

London School of Slavonic Studies 39

London Socialist Vanguard group 457

Long, Gen. 28

Long, Leo 114

Long Range Desert Group 363

Longbottom, Charles 470

Longin, Ira 420, 421

Lonrho 722

LORD Operation 130

Lovat, Lord 24, 28

Lovat Scouts 24

Love, Kenneth 586, 592

Lovegrove, Peter 116

Lovestone, Jay 465, 479

Lovett, Robert 422

Low, Robert 379, 380, 382, 387

Low, Toby 200, 337

Lowenthal, Richard 'Rix' 456

Loyys 285

Lozoraitis, Stasys 285-6

LPK (Latvian welfare organisation) 271, 279

Lubric, Max 336

Luce, Clare Boothe 436

Luce, Sir William 732

Luftwaffe 12, 100, 126, 127

Lukasevics, Janis 284, 291, 295, 296, 299, 515, 516

Lukashenko, President 222

Luks, Walter 511

Luksa, Jonas 278

Luksa, Juozas 283, 285, 287, 292, 294, 296, 297

Lumumba, Patrice 721

Lunn, Peter 129-30, 472, 523

Lursen-S deception operation 293

Lurssen brothers 290

Lyall, Archibald 175, 331, 351-2, 374, 381, 395, 430

Lykowski, Michael 246

Lyne, Derek 552

Lynskey Tribunal 76

Lyons, Paul 116


M

M13 26, 320

Maastricht Treaty 779

MacArthur, John 659

MacAskie, Frank 306-7, 311, 313

MacBride, Geoffrey 605

McCaffery, John 124

McCargar, James 371-2, 373, 385, 387, 388, 390, 391, 401

McCarthy, Senator Joseph 436, 579

McCloud, Eric 374

McCloy, John 106, 469, 581

McClure, Robert 590, 596

McColl, Colin 747, 753, 759, 763, 772, 791

McCone, Tohn 707, 710

McCoy, Tom 76

McCulloch, Angela 711

McDermott, Geoffrey 553, 555, 603, 604, 607-8, 621, 626-7, 631, 641, 648, 668, 707, 710, 724-5

McDonald, M.L. 659

McDuff, David 781

Macek, Eugen 342

McEwen, John 429

McGlashan, John 631

McGowan, Lord 456, 462, 465

McGreery, Gen. 98

McGuinness, Martin 740, 741

McGwire, Michael 65

Machray, Cyril 207, 210

Mack, Sir Henry 203

MacKay, Lord 761

McKenzie, Bruce 722

MacKenzie, Stephen Moir 142, 523

McKibben, Alexander 269, 273, 274, 276, 278, 281, 282, 287, 288, 294, 295, 296, 298, 299, 511, 512, 514

Mackintosh, Malcolm 60, 61-2, 66, 84, 501, 672

Maclean, Donald 13, 14, 159, 295, 396, 495

Maclean, Sir Fitzroy 85, 86, 131, 188, 192, 204, 332-3, 334, 344-5, 346, 347, 354, 365, 370, 375, 603, 795

McLean, Neil 357-60, 365, 366, 371, 372, 374, 375, 379-80, 384, 444-8, 628-9, 680-88, 693, 695-8

Maclean Mission (War Office Screening Mission) 344-8, 350, 351, 352

McMahon Atomic Energy Act 133, 152-5, 656, 657

McMichael, Sir Harold 540

McMillan, Hamilton 660, 795

Macmillan, Harold 20, 159, 160, 310, 312, 375, 439, 440, 460, 466, 467, 494, 509, 510, 531, 554, 556, 608, 609, 618, 619, 627, 646, 649, 652, 653, 656-8, 660, 662, 663, 668-71, 673, 677, 682, 684, 689, 705, 709, 714-15, 720, 795

McNeil, Hector 68, 75, 76-7, 205, 319, 322, 344, 476

MacStiofain, Sean 740

McSween, Norman 755

MacVeigh (American Ambassador) 321, 323

Mafia 611

Magan, Bill 555, 557

MAGIC CARPET Operation 695

Magruder, John 369, 478

Maher, Ali 606, 629

Mahl, Thomas 45

Mahmoud, Ahmed Amin 632

Mahmoud, Sayed Amin 632

Maikovskis, Bolreslavs 279

Maisky, Ivan 38, 39, 506

Majlis (Iranian Parliament) 559, 560, 563, 564, 565, 572, 573, 577, 578, 596

Major, John 741, 758, 762, 773, 791

Major, Major 377

Makarios, Archbishop 550, 552, 553, 554-5

Makarushka, Dr 200

Makins, Sir Roger 155, 365

Makki, Hossein 571, 576, 582

Malaparte, Curzio 330

Malawi Congress Party 721-2

Malayan Emergency 661, 712, 720

Malenkov, Georgi 66, 485, 500, 501, 507

Malleson, W. 189

Mana International 767

Manbar, Nahoum 767

Mandela, Nelson 720, 766

Manderstam, Len 413, 414

MANGO Operation 690

'Manhattan Engineer District' 135, 152

Manhattan Project 151, 154

Maniadakis, Constantine 309

Mann, Wilfred 152-5

Manningham-Buller, Sir Reginald 705

Manoilescu, Grigore 443

Mansfield, Earl of 428-9

Mao Tse-tung 713, 740

al-Maraghi, Ahmed Mortada 603, 629, 630, 644, 652, 658, 659

Marcus, Karl 101, 106, 108, 418

Markarov, Victor 755-6

Markos (communist guerrilla leader) 325

Marks, Leo 32

Marks & Spencer 462

Markulis, Juozas-Albinas 283, 287, 293

Marsack, Alfred 537

Marsh, Richard 690, 693

Marshall, George 462-3, 464

Marshall Aid 47, 56, 62, 64, 65, 73, 74, 81, 438, 462-6, 477, 483

Martin, Arthur 707

Martin, Geoffrey 474-5

Martin-Smith, Patrick 123, 338, 414

Massey, Lewis 255

Massoud, Ahmed Shah 752

MATCHBOX Operation 143, 144

Mathews, H. Freeman 587

Mathews, Kenneth 311

Mathewson, Iain 797

Matjani, Hamit 399

Matwijejko, Mynon 234, 244, 245

Mau Mau 739

Mavromichalis, Petros 320-21, 321

Max-Klatt intelligence network 410, 411, 419, 420

'Maxis' network 294, 296, 298, 506

Maxwell, Betty 141

Maxwell, Colin 664

Maxwell, Robert 141

May, Alan Nunn 151

Mayer, Stefan 255

Mayhew, Christopher 66-7, 71-4, 76-80, 148, 344, 353, 434, 458, 476

Mazepa (Ukrainian social democrat) 238

Mboya, Tom 721, 722

ME 42 98

Meade, Stephen 588, 596

Meadows, Dick 719

Meandov, Gen. 412

Melich, Mirko 737

Mellor, David 749, 763

Melnyk, Andrei 198, 224, 225, 228, 229, 230, 232, 234

Melville, Mary 428

Menant, Guy 362, 364, 365

Mende, Gerhard von 196, 198, 199, 217, 219

Menzies, Sir Stewart 18, 30, 33, 34, 42, 49, 67, 77, 83, 85, 135, 138, 154, 189, 203, 265, 290, 417, 498, 537, 568-9; the 'Abramtchik Faction' 215; accord with the CIG-Joint Intelligence Board 55; agreement with Douglass 54; Albania 364, 367, 372, 379; Austria 166; aware of currents of Whitehall politics 5; background 3; Beria 506; Carr 275, 276; Courtney 212; the damning report on Philby 396; the 'Defectors Committee' 145-6; Enigma 250; Fitzroy Maclean 333; Habsburg 167; the IPG 429; Jewish refugees 546, 547; Maclean 188; MI6 reorganisation 28; Military Intelligence in World War I 3-4; OSS breaks accord with 51: overworked personality 4; the Promethean League 186; retires 493-4; succeeds Sinclair as 'C' 4; upset by the Philby affair 493-4; VALUABLE 363; Welsh 134

Mercury News Service 176

Merk, Kurt 109-10

Merlika-Kruja, Mustafa 372

Metaxas, Pierre 315

Metaxas, Yanni 305, 309, 312

Meyer, Alf Martens 518, 524, 525

MGB see Soviet Ministry of State Security MHBK (Hungary) 178

MI3 289

MI5 99, 404, 407, 421, 551, 557, 704, 740, 743, 775, 789, 792, 797, 799; C Division 723; co-operation with US counterpart 104; D Division 512, 517; E2 (Overseas) Division 544; E Branch (Colonial Affairs) 555, 724; F Branch 471; Fuller under surveillance 442; G9A section (counter-terrorism) 793; hunt for moles xv; Ireland 738, 739, 741, 768; K Branch 724; Klatt 411; Malta 377; membership of the JIC 67; Palestine 543; POST REPORT 486; Registry records 10; relations with MI6 509, 520, 760, 799; security files on emigres 418; supports Baykolov 433; and Wilson 744

MI6 (Secret Intelligence Service (SIS)): the ABN 443, 444; anti-communist, pro-German exile groups 17; assassination 610-11, 612, 614, 793-4; the attempt to overthrow Saddam 781-2; attitude to SOE personnel 377; in Austria 166; Baltic resistance organisations 17; in the Baltics 755; becomes devalued 728; BIN/KOORD 85, 510; blackmail material on Makarios 556; and Blake 705; Board of Directors 661; budget 798, 799; and the Cabinet Office 672; changes 723-4, 776, 777; Christmas Massacre 759-60; co-operation with US counterpart 104; concentrates its efforts on 'Red Russia' 4; conditions of service 27, 30; conflict with SOE 306; conspiracy theory 484-5, 548; criticism of 797-8; cuts (1993) 761; CX Book (Weekly Summary of Intelligence) 749; Dutch Section (P8) 112; Egypt 600-603, 605, 606, 608, 610, 616, 620-21, 626, 627, 628, 630, 633-6, 638, 645, 649, 670, 676; EM 453; exile group funding 448-9; expansion of the Special Liaison Centre 288; F Branch 43; the Falklands 746-7; the Foreign Office 723; founded as the foreign section (MI1c) of the Secret Service Bureau 4; funding 27; gadgets 784; and GCHQ 773, 777-8; General Service 749; 'General Support Branch' 328; in Germany 93-4, 101, 778; Global Issues Controllerate 775; Global Tasks 762, 777; the Gulf states 696; headquarters (from 1994) 776, 786, 800; the Hilton Assignment 735-8; Information Operations (I/Ops) 766, 787, 788; Intelligence Branch 749, 760; Inter-Services Liaison Department 250; Intermarium 170; Iran 568, 571, 578, 580-83, 586, 592, 596, 760; the IRD 490; Ireland 738-42; joint conference with the CIA (1952) 150; liaison with Mossad 549; London BIN station 472; Lucky Break reports 607, 614, 621; Maltese training camp 390; membership of the JIC 67; and Military Intelligence 110; 'Mother Load' agenda 797; the mujahedin 752; N-Section 522, 538, 785; Northern Division 242, 258, 262, 275, 295; nuclear weapons and BW/CW 764-8; officers 783-9, 794; Operational Support 777; P5 section 249, 250; P17 section 679, 687; Political Section (R1) 58-9, 308, 416; post-war policy 314-15; Production Section 744; 'Q' Ops Department 377-8, 633; R3 290, 524, 618; R5 353, 707; R6 (Economic Requirements section) 487; R9 135; recruitment 113; relations with the CIA 89, 131, 155, 396, 422, 454, 467-8, 475, 506, 515, 520, 522, 523, 524, 626, 646, 648, 703, 711, 736, 752; relations with MI5 509, 520, 760, 799; reorganisation 26, 27, 28-31; Requirements (R5) 30, 43, 55, 79, 661, 744; Requirements and Production 744, 761, 772; rivalry with SOE 19, 20; role 4, 19, 761, 764; sabotage against Jewish ships 546-9; Section D 68, 187, 356, 363, 435; Section IX see Section IX; security 785-6, 788-9; Security Directorate 665; and Selwyn Lloyd 608; Seniors' Club 18; Sinclair replaces Menzies 494; SOE fuses with 27, 28, 32; Special Operations Branch 568, 612, 729; Special Political Action (SPA) 42, 473, 510-11, 598, 614, 625-6, 639, 652, 669, 718, 742, 787; Special Support Directorate 784; Strategic Trade Section 501, 506; and student bodies 471, 472; supports NTS 406; Technical Operations Section 522; Technical Section 32, 520; Technical Services Division 614; training 22-3, 289-90, 502; transcription service 130; UKB Unit 778-9; uses Nazi intelligence officers 94; Vietnam 718; War Planning 28, 32-3, 377, 568; wartime intelligence-gathering on Germany 5; the 'Westward Ho!' workers 288-9; and Wilson 744; Y-Section 522, 661

MI9 34, 100, 103, 104, 115; Intelligence School No. 9 427

MI10 143

MI14 103, 104

Michael, King of Romania 179

Mid-European Studies Centre 261

Middle East Centre for Arab Studies (MECAS) 643, 661, 704

Middle East Command (MEC) 671, 677

Middle East Defence Organisation (MEDO) 550

Middle East Forces, Cyprus 554

Middle East Information Department (MEID) 535

Middle Zone Association 427, 428

Middleton, George 567, 572-3, 574-5

Midland Bank 761, 779, 789

Migonis, Motiejus 271

Mihahlache, Ion 180

Mihailovic, Dreza 60, 125, 331, 333-7, 342, 351, 427

Mikalovics, Zsigmond 176

Mikolajczyk, Stanislaw 251, 252, 254, 257, 259, 260, 261, 389, 447

Mikoyan, Anastas 63, 499

Milano, James 116, 117

Military Intelligence 3, 98, 104, 105, 108, 110, 113, 136, 187, 249, 284, 315, 326, 341, 343, 355, 377, 536, 628, 638, 665; Field Security Service units 338

Military Intelligence Free Officers 601, 623

Military Intelligence (Research (MI(R)) 175, 187, 192, 363; Special Operations and Political Action Branch 192

Military Mission to Warsaw 261

Mills, A.K. 143

Milmo, Helmus 511

Milne, Ian 523, 559

Milne, Tim 142, 696

Milner, Frederick 620

Milos, Ljbo 337, 347

Milosevic, Slobodan 791, 792, 793

Mindszenty, Cardinal 176

Ministry of Defence 488, 509, 510, 521, 634, 664, 706, 753, 759, 762, 764, 784, 785, 789, 798; Defence Liaison Staff 742

Ministry of Economic Warfare 250

Ministry of Labour 285

Ministry of Supply 444; Atomic Energy Directorate 133, 152, 153

Minor, Robert 379, 380

MINOS exile programme 383n

Mintoff, Dom 735

Mir-Ashrafi, Sayyed 594

Mitchell, Andrew 779

Mitchell, Graham 512

Mitchell, Leslie 649

Mitrovic, Rexhep 358

Mixed Service units 289

Mladorossy ('Union of Young Russia') 406, 409, 413, 417, 433, 441

Mobutu, Joseph 721

Modin, Yuri 242, 245

Moir, Guthrie 468, 469

Molden, Fritz 118, 119, 124

'Molecular Theory' (NTS) 421-2

Mollet, Guy 508, 640

Molloy, Robert 656

Molotov, Vyacheslav 63, 72, 168, 499

MONASTERY Operation 410

Monckton, Anthony 788

Monckton, Rosa 788

Moncrieff of that Ilk, David 429

Monheim, Prince Abdul 603, 629

Monnet, Jean 456, 460, 463

Montagnon, Capt. 523

Montague Brown, Anthony 495, 509

Montecassino (1944) 258

Montgomery, Bernard 25, 59, 82, 98

Montgomery, Brian 569

Montgomery, Hugh 115, 396

Montini, Giovanni (later Pope John Paul I) 115-16

Moore. Sir Thomas 429

Moqadam, Gen. 576

Morgan, Eric 110

Morgan, Gwyn 474

Morgenthau, Henry 97

Morris, Anthony 250, 262

Morris, Harry 176

Morris, Nigel 683

Morrison, Herbert 430, 545, 561, 563

Morton, Desmond 10, 417

Morton, George 439

Moslem Mountaineers 196

Mosley, Sir Oswald 430, 441, 442

Mossad 543, 545, 546, 548, 549, 616, 617, 626, 654, 670, 676, 680, 695, 738, 762, 767

Mossadeq, Mohammed 558-9, 560, 562, 564-77, 579-95, 597, 598, 602, 614, 625, 745

Mossman, James 633

Mounier, Emanuel 457

Mountain Brigades 309

Mountbatten, Louis, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma 456

Movement of Lithuania's Struggle for Freedom (MLSF) 292, 293, 296, 298

Movement of National Liberation (LNC) 356-60

al-Mubarak, Sheikh Abdullah 672

Mudabbir, Brig. 593

Muggeridge, Malcolm 11, 51, 57, 59, 440, 477-81

al-Muhaymeen, Abd 793

Mukhabarat 631

Mullen, Nicholas 768-9

Mulloch, Jack 690

Multhopp, Hans 147

Munn, John 29

Munzenberg, Willi 69, 477

Muravitz, F. 139

Murphy, David 526

Murray, Ralph 75, 76, 644

Murray Hill Project 138

Muscat Regiment 685

MUSKETEER Operation 624, 634

MUSKETEER REVISE Operation 634-5

Muslim Brotherhood 622, 629

Muslin, George 263, 265

Mussolini, Benito 329, 356, 428, 441, 457

Musson, John 32

M'utazeo, Capt. 584

Mutual Security Act (1951) 466-7

Mutual Security Agency 467

Muzaffar, Sheikh 537

Muzayyeni, Brig. 585

MVD see Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs

Myers, Brig. Eddie 306, 307

Myz-Mysin (counter-espionage expert) 171


N

'Nachfigall' (Abwehr programme) 226, 227, 228, 232, 246

Nagy, Ferenc 174, 175

Nahas Pasha 629

Nakashidze, Dr George 206, 214

Narodyi Trudovoy Soyuz (NTS) 147, 190, 405-17, 421-4, 433, 437, 441, 493, 502, 503, 507,513-16

Nash, James 686

Nasser, Gamal Abdul 541, 549, 601-10, 612-16, 620, 621, 623-8, 630, 633-6, 638-9, 642, 644-7, 649, 653, 656-9, 663, 666-70, 675, 676, 681, 682, 683, 688, 691, 693, 695-8, 733

Nassiri, Nemotollah 584, 590, 591

Nassirir, Mohammed 576

National and Grindlays Bank 680

National Audit Office 798

National Bank (Iran) 576

National Committee for a Free Europe (NCFE) 173, 373, 437, 440, 447, 448; Exile Political Operations division 373

National Committee for Free Albania 382, 383, 384, 387, 447

National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) 773-4

National Defence Corps (TEA) 326

National Democratic Front for the Liberation of Oman and the Arab Gulf (NDFLO-AG) 730, 734

National Democratic Hellenic League (EDES) 306, 307, 311, 323

National Front (Iran) 571, 572

National Intelligence and Security Organisation (SAVAK) 596, 654, 670, 695, 744

National Intelligence Authority 54

National Liberation Front (EAM) 306-15, 317,324

National Liberation Front (NLF) (Aden) 686, 697

National Military Union (Narodowy Zwiazek Wojskowy (NZW)) 257

National Organisation of Cypriot Combatants (EOKA) 551-5, 557

National Peasant Party (Romania) 180

National Popular Liberation Army (ELAS) 306-11,314-17

National Security Agency (NSA) 56, 57, 527, 545, 623, 640, 642, 650, 698, 719-20, 748, 777, 778, 782, 788

National Student Association (NSA) 471, 473

National Ukrainian Council 244

National Union of Students (NUS) 43, 471, 472,474,475

National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) 722

National Will 564

Nationalist and People's Party (Egypt) 604

Naval Intelligence Directorate 34

Naval Intelligence Division (NID) 135, 501, 524, 617; Russian Section 16 290

Naval Intelligence Forward Intelligence Unit 112 1

Nazi Party 93, 187, 225, 406

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact (1939) 187, 188, 191, 269

Near East Association (NEA) 539, 540

Near East Broadcasting Station (NEABS) 536, 537, 539, 552, 571, 635, 643

Neave, Airey 100, 427, 704

Nedic, Gen. 330-31, 335, 342

Neel, Tony 357, 361

Neguib, Mohammed 601, 602, 603, 628, 629, 632

Nehru, Jawaharlal 88

Nehru, Pandit 721

Nelk, Boris 512

Nelson, Carl 131

'Nerren' (Iranian) 566, 592-3

Netanyahu, Binyamin 767

Neufville, Lawrence de 391-2

Neville-Jones, Pauline 759

New Labour 780, 800

New York Federal Reserve 716

Newell, Mr (M16) 130

Newman, Anthony 399

Newton, Ronald 95, 96

Nexbritsky, Capt. 407

Nicholas, Grand Duke 192

Nicholson, Brig. John 33

Nicholson, Leslie 180, 269, 270, 276, 408

Nicolson, Harold 476

Nie (Niepodleglosc (Independence)) 253, 254

Niepokolczycki, Franciszek 262

Nightingale, Ray 734

1941 Committee 435

NKGB (Latvia) 284, 287, 295

Nkomo, Joshua 722

Nkuradze, Prince 196

Noel-Baker, Francis 319

Noli, Bishop Fan 355, 387

Nollau, Dr Gunther 69-70

Noone, Richard 718

Nordhausen 138

Nordic League 441-2

Norman, Sir Clifford 374

Norman, Frederick 139

North Atlantic Treaty 45, 465, 550

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 128, 184, 328, 382, 383, 465, 496, 551, 556, 614, 620, 646, 749, 755, 781, 792

North Caucasian Committee 445

North Yemen, Ahmed, Imam of 678, 681

Northern Information Department (NID) 74-5, 83, 84

Northern Ireland Office 785

Northrop, Anthony 357, 391, 394, 398, 399

Norton, Sir Clifford 323, 408

Norwegian Intelligence 278, 518, 525

Norwegian Royal Air Force 517

Nosi, Lef 357

Nouvelles Equipes Internationales (NEI) 438,462

Nuffield, Lord 462

Nuremberg war trials 434

Nuremberg International Military Tribunal 280

Nuri es-Sa'id 604, 606, 623, 637, 655, 667, 670

NURSERY 108

Nutting, Anthony 553, 613

Nyerere, Julius 721


O

Oakeshott, Michael 476, 479

Oakley-Hill, Dayrell 356, 392, 393

Oatley, Michael 740-41, 795

Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) 104; Abwehr 11 272

Oberlander, Theodor 226, 227, 246

Obukhov, Platon 755

O'Connor, Cathal 547

O'Connor, Tim 53

Office of the Co-ordinator of Information (COI) 51

Office of Special Projects (later Office of Policy Co-ordination) 464

Office of Strategic Services (OSS) (US) 5, 20, 51, 55, 97, 99, 100, 125, 135, 180, 232, 274, 308, 321, 358, 419, 437, 454; Research and Analysis section 361, 579; X-2 111

Official Secrets Act 619, 794, 796

Offie, Carmel 210, 237, 373, 375, 387, 391, 439,476

OGPU see United State Political Directorate

O'Hanlon, Pat 620

OHIO Operation 234, 235

Ohletz, Werner 422

Okhrymovych, V.0. 247, 507

Okolovich, Georgi 407, 409, 421, 423, 502

Oldfield, Maurice 384, 474, 546, 634, 649, 665, 706, 709-12, 715, 718, 722, 724, 725-6, 738, 741-4

Oldman, Hugh 732

Olskej, Michail 421

Oman Regiment of the Sultan 663

Oman Research Department (ORD) 734

Omand, David 778

Omani Air Force 733

Omani Intelligence Service (OIS) 733, 734

Omani Liberation Army 663

'Omar' (agent) 571, 577

OMEGA 614-15, 620, 636

Onu-dpol 737

Open Skies agreement 754

Operations Co-ordination Board (OCB) 581

Oras, Ants 269-70

Orcada (British spy) 779

Organisation for Assistance to Foreign Displaced Persons in Germany 416

Organisation for European Economic Co- operation (OEEC) 463

Organisation in Rome for Assisting Allied Escaped Prisoners-of-War 115

'Organisation' (mercenary) 697

Organisation of African Unity (OAU) 722

Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists 223-6, 230, 231, 232, 235, 236, 243, 247, 248, 421, 442; OUN-B[andera] (later OUN-r) 106, 113, 198, 222, 225-39, 242, 245, 246, 247, 442-3, 514; OUN-M[elnyk] (later OUN-s) 225, 227, 228, 233n, 234, 236

Organisation Suddeutschland 107, 118

Orwell, George 428, 431, 457, 476, 479, 480

Osborn, Myles 712

Osborne, Sir Percy 168, 169

Osenberg List 138

Osiris radar image craft 778

Osis, Robert 270, 271, 274, 276-7

Ostministeriurn (OMi; Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories)) 187, 196, 199, 216, 217, 225, 229, 408, 409, 443; Institute 108

Ostrowsky, Radislaw 214-22, 443

OSVAKIN Operation 147

Oveissi, Ghularn Reza 584

OVERCAST Operation 137

Overseas Consultants 566, 567, 597

Overseas Students Trust (OST) 475

Owen, David (later Lord) 80, 727, 743


P

Padek, Mark 289

Paillole, Paul 7

Paine, Natalie 436, 448

Palestine Arab Higher Command 549

Palestine Police Political Branch 545

Paliy, A. 202, 205

Palmer, Alan 362

Palmer, Michael 767

Pan-European Committee 166, 167

Pan-European Congress (1943) 457

Pan-European Union (PEU) 165, 166, 186, 455-9

Panchuk, Gordon 202, 240

Papagos, Alexander 374, 397, 553

Papajani, John 379

Papandreou, Andreas 305, 308, 309-10

Papee, Casimir 171

PAPERCLIP Operation 144

Paprocki, Stanislaw 206

Park, Daphne, Baroness 645, 718, 721, 722, 752, 780-81, 789

Parker, Maj. Jerry 536

Parker, Peter 55

Parsons, Sir Anthony 744

Parsons, 'Knocker' 698

Partel, Vaino 288

Parti Populaire Syrien (PPS) 616, 622, 636, 637,642

The Partisans of the Right 629

Pasechnik, Vladimir 766

Paterson, Eveline (Lady Cotter) 45

Paterson, Halliday 378

Patrascanu, Lucretiu 181

Patriotic League 584

Patton, George Smith, Jr 182, 217

Pauco, Josef 206

Paul, Crown Prince 320

Paulson, Paul 517, 638, 643, 665, 666, 669, 670,687,722

Pavelic, Ante 125, 329, 330, 331, 335, 336, 338-44, 346, 349-50, 354, 444

Pawley, 'Pop' 687

Peake, Charles 67, 69, 393

Pecanac, Kosta 331

Peck, David 713

Peck, Edward 317-18, 321

Peck, John 445-6

Pecnikar, Veliko 337, 339, 343

Peenemunde 137, 145, 149

Peet, John 259

Peierls, Rudolf 153

Peiracki, Gen. 224

Pelczynski, Gen. Tad 206

Pellay, Jean-Marie 610

PEN (writers' association) 480

Feng Teh-huai 713

Peniakoff, Pamela 130

Penkovsky, Oleg 704-8, 710, 713, 727, 742

Penney, R. Rosslyn 131

People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) 180, 187, 196, 217, 218, 234, 245, 248, 254, 270, 277, 281, 282; arrest of former SOE agents in Poland 256; é6migré associations 422; forced repatriation 431; Intelligence Centre 411; Kerby 408; Manderstarn 413; murder squads 253; the MVD succeeds 259, 283-4; and the Nazi Party training school 225; NTS 406, 412, 416; OBO 278; the OGPU 269; Philby 7-8, 423; prime objective 8; regarded as a potential I enemy organisation' 10; Secret Political Department 410

PEPPERPOT Operation 552

Peredzh, Col. 207

Peres, Shimon 616, 640

Pergamon Press 141, 142

Pergau Dam affair 761

Perkins, Harold 23, 32, 146, 199-200, 250, 252-3, 255, 256, 261, 363, 367, 371, 374, 376, 377, 380, 381, 392, 394, 398, 546, 547

Permanent Bureau of Continental Foreign Ministers 455-6, 458

Permanent Secretaries' Intelligence Services (PSIS) 747, 776, 798

Permanent Under Secretary's Committee (PUSC) 84, 86, 489, 490, 491, 494-5, 510, 514,541

Permanent Under-Secretary's Department (PUSD) 509, 510, 522, 621, 626, 631

Peron, Juan 348, 350

Perowne, Victor 349

Perrin, Michael 134, 135, 139, 154, 155

Perron, Ernest 563, 590, 591

Perry, Lewis 343

Persian American Relations Society 583-4

Pestrak, Andre 226

Peter, Gabor 174

Peter II, King of Yugoslavia 337

Peterson, Sir Maurice 65, 534

Petherwick, Maurice 428, 429

Petkov, Nikola 181

Petlura, Ataman Simon 185

Petrenko, Roman 234

Petroleum Development (Oman) (PDO) 730, 731, 732

Petrov, Waldemar von 189, 190

Petrovranov, Yevgeny 526

Petty, Alan 750, 759, 792

Phantoms 72, 75

Philby, Kim xv, 6, 15, 28, 58, 153, 183, 207, 213, 242, 244, 246, 296, 303, 430, 498, 510, 566, 579, 598, 601, 622, 681, 704, 707, 710, 711, 723, 725, 750; the Abramtchik Faction 221; agent for the NKVD 7-8, 22; Albania 370, 375, 384-5, 389, 394-8; the Baltic states 275; in Bari 362; betrays operations in Turkey and the Middle East 211; and the Cold War 21, 22; controls R5 30, 55; defects 211; and Easton 26; and Gehlen 104, 105; Greece 315; heads Section IX 16, 42, 178, 418; heads Section V 11, 30, 410; in Istanbul (1947) 363, 384, 391; on the Jebb Committee 85; and le Carr6 484; Lebanon 669; meetings with the US State Department 239; on Menzies 5; Menzies upset by 493-4; on the MI6 Reorganisation Committee 29; MI6/CIA meeting (November 1950) 294; recalled from Washington 295; replaces Machray in Istanbul 210; the Russia Committee 393; tasks 423; in touch with Burgess 212, 244-5; trains Osis 277; on Tsarist émigrés 416; under strong suspicion as the 'Third Man' 396; Washington post 384, 385, 422; the WiN operation 264, 266; Wisner suspects 396

Philip, Aidan 540

Philip, Andr6 457, 469

Phillips, Tracy 438

Phillpotts, Christopher 190, 525, 551, 556, 726

Photographic Development Unit 192

Photographic Interpretation Units 519

Pickering, F. 208

Pickles, Mike 250, 254

Pieck, Wilhelm 63

Pierce, John 674

Pilsudski, Rowmund 427, 428, 432, 447

Pinay, Antoine 508

Pincher, Chapman 190, 611, 710

Pineau, Christian 616, 636

Pioneer Corps 378

Pipenelis, Panayotis 380

Piplys, Kazimieras 287, 292

Pirasteh, Sayyed 594

Piratin, Philip 539

Pirie, Richard 686

Pisani, Sallie 567

Pitans, Bolislov 296

Pittuck, Charles 631

Pius XII, Pope 115, 169, 335

Plastiras, Nicholas 306, 313-16

Plechavicius, Povilas 272, 273, 277, 282, 285, 292

Plensners, Alexander 271

Plessner, Dr 149

Polaris missile 159

Police Foundation 776

Polish Army 186, 206, 214, 258, 262

Polish Cipher Bureau 250

Polish Communist Party (PPR) 254, 256, 259

Polish Corps 258

Polish Ex-Servicemen's Association 261

Polish General Staff 249, 265; Second (Deuxi6me) Bureau 250, 255

Polish government-in-exile, London 170, 206, 213, 217, 219, 230, 251, 252, 255, 261, 432, 455; Ministry of Information 427, 433

Polish Intelligence 130, 249-50, 255, 407, 767

Polish Military Liaison 218

Polish Military Mission 218

Polish Ministry of the Interior 257

Polish Mission in Paris 249

Polish Peasant Party (PSL) 251, 254, 256, 257, 259-62

Polish Political Council 262

Polish Second Army Corps 170

Polish security police 259, 260, 261

Polish Security Service 407

Polish Trade Mission 522

Polish VI Bureau 250, 252

Political Office with the Middle East Forces (POMEF) 601

Political Warfare Executive (PWE) 71, 72, 76, 79, 84, 119, 157, 312, 313, 427, 428, 533, 635

Pollock, Gen. 535

Poncet, Franqois 116

Ponikewski, Maj. 206

Ponting, Clive 50, 51

Pope, Michael Kyrle 524

Popieszalski, Anton (aka Tony Currie) 253

Popov, Gregori 308, 311

Poppe, Nikolai N. 208-9

'Popski, Colonel' 130

Popular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arab Gulf (PFLO-AG) 730

Populist Party (Greece) 315, 317, 320

Populist Party (Syria) 655

Popvic, Radovan 151

Poremsky, Vladimir 409, 412, 413, 415, 416, 421,513

Porter, David Haldane 345

Possev publishing house 416

Post Office Technical Department experimental station, Dollis Hill 129, 526

POST REPORT Operation 418, 486, 512

Post-Hostilities Planning Sub-Committee (P HP) 13, 14

Posten, Ralph 643

Potocek, Dr 183

Poutschine, Marsha 120, 121

Powell, Charles 751, 757

Powell, Enoch 603

Powers, Gary 660

Prater, Donald 131, 622, 649

Precnikar, Vilko 350

Prenci, Tahir 399

Prendergast, John 554, 555, 556

Preseren, Monsignor Anton 171, 335, 339

Press, Robert 155

Preston, Simon 516-17

Previsi, Prenk 357, 359

Priestley, J.B. 435

Prime, Geoffrey 748

Prior, Mr (Austrian Jew) 130

Prizren League 357

Prochazka, Col. 183

Profumo, John 686

Progressive Youth of Asia Conference (1948) 87

Project 279 (Afghanistan) 752

Promethean League 17, 113, 163, 185-7, 192-9, 206, 207, 211, 213, 215, 217, 219, 220, 222, 223, 237, 404, 431, 455, 492, 506

Protocol M 74, 76, 77

Protulipac, Ivan 342

Prouty, Fletcher 235

Provisional Austrian National Committee 118

Pryce-Jones, Alan 120-21

Psychological Warfare Branch (PWB) 120, 480, 534

Psychological Warfare Bureau, Jerusalem 351

Psychological Warfare Consultations Committee (Dodds-Parker Committee) 510, 624, 641

PT16B (M16 officer) 793, 794

Public Information Office 352

Public Records Office (PRO) xv

'Purple Primers' 12

Putlitz, Baron Wolfgang zu 408


Q

'Q' devices 32

Qaboos, Sultan 730-34

Qashqai tribe 567

Qassem, Abdel Karim 667

Qavam Saltaneh 572, 575, 578

Quadripartite Censorship Committee 117

Quayle, Anthony 358-9

Quennell, Hugh 140,141

Quine, John 703

Quinlan, Sir Michael 776-7

Quinn, Frank 377-8, 633

el-Quwwatli, Shukri 604


R

Raca1752

'Radford' (M16 officer) 423, 502, 513

Radiation Operations Committee (ROC) 620

Radical Students Alliance 473, 475

Radio: Atlantic 97; Cairo 624, 635, 642, 643, 675, 679; Free Albania 392-3; Free Europe 96, 173, 440; Liberation 173, 244; Liberty 440; Luxemburg 183; Moscow 246, 499, 501-2; Tehran 560, 594; Tirana 401, 506; Warsaw 262, 266, 497

Rahman, Tengku Abdul 718

Raikes, Victor 428

Rallis, lonnis 315-16

Rally Films 685

Ramadan Offensive Operation 683

Ramanaukas, Adolfas 286-7, 298

Ramsay, Alex 338, 430

Ramsay, Baroness Margaret 475, 758

Ransom, Charles 707

Ransome, John 295

RAP 700 (special operations action branch) 610

Rar, Lev 421

Rashidian brothers (Assadolah, Qodratollah and Seyfollah) 563-4, 571, 573, 577, 578, 581-5, 588, 589, 592, 597

Rathbone, Eleanor 428

RATTAN 53

Rawlins, Gen. 318, 320

Rawluk, I. 449

Razmara, Gen. Hadj Ali 559, 560

Reagan, Ronald 163, 748, 750, 769

Ream, Bob 393

Rebane, Alphons 275, 288, 511, 512, 516 Red Army 13, 15, 26, 28, 119, 121, 126, 127, 148, 168, 169, 171, 198, 199, 211, 217, 229-32, 235, 241, 252, 253, 254, 263, 269, 272, 273, 275, 277, 336, 409-12, 414, 415, 428, 430, 486, 518, 603, 756

'Red Lilac' 108

Reddaway, Norman 75, 78, 624

Redfearn, Mason 524

Redfern, G.H. 204

Redlich, Roman 421

Rees, Goronwy 59, 481, 578

Rei, August 273

Reilly, Sir Patrick 59, 486, 489, 494, 495, 509, 630-31

Reinhards, Paul 270

Rejewski, Marian 250

Rendis (Greek Foreign Minister) 319

Rendle, Frank 713, 714

Renner, Karl 119

Rennie, Sir John 624, b43-4, 726, 738, 742

Renton, Edward 122, 337, 338

Reporter, (Sir) Shapour 563, 654

Reppe, Walter 143

Republic National Committee (Baltic) 273

Republican army (Spain) 376

Republican Party (US) 436

Research Centre for Central and Eastern Europe 447

Retinger, Dr jozef 250, 427, 439, 440, 453, 455, 456, 458-64, 469, 495-6, 497

Retired Officers' Association (Iran) 582

Reuters news agency 536

Revolutionary Command Council (Egypt) 634

Reynaud, Paul 463

Reynolds, Alexander 631

Reynolds, Mike 795

Rhodes, Cecil 456

Ribbentrop, Joachim von 190, 227

Ribic, Mitja 126

Richards, Francis 777, 778

Richardson, John 401, 717

Richardson, Trooper 686

Richmond, John 674, 675

Ridd, John 792

Riga, Treaty of (1921) 215

Rijkens, Paul 463

Rimington, Stella 741, 776

Rimini Brigade 309

'Ring of Five' 13, 707

Riyahi, Gen. 590, 594

Roberts, Andrew 783, 784

Roberts, Douglas 192, 269

Roberts, Frank 14, 36-7, 39-40, 60, 365, 367, 499,534

'Roberts, Kenneth' 791

Robertson, T.A. 'Tar' 99, 111

Robets group (Baltic) 506

ROBIN Operation 519

Robinson, Robert 659, 660

Rockefeller family 437; David 462; Nelson 581

Rocket Propulsion Research Establishment, Westcott 145

Rodin, Nikolai 523

Rogozhin, Anatol 414-15

Rohracher, Archbishop Andreas 172, 340

'Roland' (Abwehr programme) 226, 228

'roll-back' 486, 496, 497, 505

Rolo, Cyril 123, 606, 621

Romanian Communist Party 549

Romanov, Yvegniy 416, 421

Rome Association of Officers 115

Roosevelt, Archie 584, 628, 634

Roosevelt, Franklin D. 14, 277, 538

Roosevelt, Kermit 566, 574, 580-84, 586, 587, 589, 591, 592, 594, 597, 598, 602, 605, 607, 614, 616, 637, 648, 653, 655

Rose, George 631

Rose, Lord justice 768-9

Rose, Sir Michael 792

Rosebaud, Paul 140, 141, 142

Rosenberg, Alfred 108, 216, 442, 443

Rosi, Ernesto 455, 457

Rositzke, Harry 243, 248, 294, 295, 363, 369, 502

Rostow, Walt W. 460

Rote Kapelle (Red Chapel) 418

Rothschild, Lord 480-81

Round Table Group 456

Rover, Srecko 337, 342, 343, 348, 352, 354

Rowlett, Frank 523

Rowley, Denys ('James Kent') 665, 735

Royal Air Force (RAF) 391, 519, 520, 617, 645, 659, 663, 664, 673, 677, 694

Royal Bank of Scotland 779, 789, 798

Royal Canadian Mounted Police 145

Royal Family 429, 538

Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) 41, 169, 261, 628

Royal Marines 297

Royal Navy 290, 291, 384, 515, 545, 549, 551, 677

Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) 739

Royal Yugoslav Army (RYA) 345, 346

Royle, Anthony 736

Royse, Prof. 344, 348

Rozman, Bishop Gregory 330, 332, 335, 339, 341-2, 350, 434

Rudel, Hans 103, 115

Rudkowski, Roman 253, 391

Rumbold, Anthony 371, 375, 380

Rumnieks, Feliks 276-7, 284

Rupnik, Leon 332, 336, 338

Rusan, Mahmud 668

Rushdie, Salman 771

Rusinovic, Nikola 349

Russell, Bertrand 476

Russell, Col. 97

Russia Committee see under Foreign Office Russian Federal Counter-Intelligence Service 765

Russian Federation of ex-Combatants 189

Russian Imperial Army 414

Russian Intelligence Service 11, 264, 390, 513

Russian Liberation Movement and Army (ROD; Vlasov Army) 411-12, 413, 416, 417,419,422

Russian 'Mafia' 773

Russian Monarchist Organisation 421

Russian National Central Committee 419

Russian National Socialist Movement (ROND) 406

Russian Nazi Party 408

Russian Revolution (1917) 406, 413

Russian Revolutionary Force (RRF) 417, 424, 515

Russo-Finnish War 225

Russo-German pact (1939) 426, 477

RUSTY Operation 235

Rutter, Maj. 200

Ruzhadze (betrayed by Philby) 211

Ryan, Allan 109

Ryan, Brinley 527

RYAN (Nuclear Missile Attack) Operation 749

Rykens, Paul 496

Ryle, Gilbert 420

Rzepecki, Jan 256, 257, 260


S

Saarsen, Villen 269

Sacred Bond of Greek Officers (IDEA) 314, 318, 320, 321, 327, 380

Sacred Squadron 309

Safa, Col. Muhammad 637

SAFEHAVEN Operation 27

Sahsaven tribe 585

Said bin Taimur, Sultan 664, 729, 730, 731, 732

St Laurent, Louis 241

Salam, Saeb 666

Salisbury, Sir Edward 140

Salisbury, Lord 504, 587, 596, 627

al-Sallal, Col. Abdullah 678, 679

Salnai, Vladmars 274

San Jacinto Fund 473

Sanders, Rex 519

Sanders, Ted 176, 178

Sandys, Duncan 137, 453, 456, 459, 460, 462-6, 662, 683, 684, 686, 689

Sanger, Eugen 146

Sapieha, Pawlem 263

Sargeant, Howland H. 492

Sargent, Sir Orme 14, 20, 23, 24, 25, 35, 36, 38, 43-4, 68, 73, 169, 371, 372

Saric, Bishop Ivan 329, 341, 350

Sarraj, Abdel Hamid 622, 655-6

Saud, King of Saudi Arabia 615, 637, 680, 681, 683, 693

Saudi royal family 615

Savage, Gerald 638

Savage, T.W. 'Bill' 474

Savimbi, Jonas 722

Sayid, Jallal ul 616, 622

Sayyed Zia Ad-Din 564, 573, 575

'Scandinavian-Black Sea Unit' 239

SCANT radio station 635

Scarlett, John 755

Schaetzel, Tadeusz 206

Schapiro, Leonard 59, 500-501, 714

Scheibe, Col. 104

Schellenberg, Walter 101, 106, 108, 168, 208, 410, 411, 418

SCHOLAR Operation 472

School of Slavonic Studies, University of London 426

Schutzmannschaft police units 270-71

Schutzmannschaft-bataillon (Guard Battalion) No. 201 228

Schwarzkopf, Norman 583, 589

Schwind, Don 592

Scientific Advisory Board 140

Scientific Intelligence Section 135

Scobie, Ronald 309, 310

Scopes, L. 240-41

Scott, Sir Robert 711, 715

Scott Inquiry 762, 763

Scott Report 763

Scott-Hopkins, James 203

Scottish Communist Party 10

Scottish 'Invasion Committee' 426

Scottish League for European Freedom (SLEF) 170, 285, 418, 425, 428, 429, 432, 433, 434, 441-5, 448

SCRUM HALF Operation 501

'Sean' (MI6 officer) 756

Secker and Warburg 480

Second World War: declaration of war 269; German invasion of the Soviet Union (June 1941) 270; successes of British Intelligence 5

Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) see MI6

Secret Service Bureau 4

Secret Vote 79, 297, 487, 798

Secretariat of Exiled Intellectual Organisations 447

Section V (counter-espionage) 147, 232, 363; 'the brightest feather in C's cap' 6; expansion 7; German primer 99; Philby heads 11, 30, 410; SCI units controlled by 5; and Section IX 11; X-2 liaises with 11

Section IX 61, 106, 276, 303; 'charter' 21; creation of 16; expansion 16; Philby heads 16, 42, 178, 275; the pre-eminent department of M16 22; R5 replaces 30; recruits among exiles 418; role 11; and Section V 11

Securitate (Romania) 181

Security Battalions (Greece) 307, 309, 310, 316, 317, 318

Security Executive 9, 10

Security Intelligence Middle East (SIME) 555,712

Security Service see MI5

Seddon, Maj. 256

Seddon, Richard 565

Sedgwick, W.B. 545

Selbourne, Lord 21, 23-4, 98, 250, 251, 254, 331, 413, 414

SELECTION BOARD Operation 109, 110

Senate Church Committee 649

Separated Enemy Personnel (SEP) 201

Serbian Government of National Salvation 330, 335

Serbian State Guard 331, 335

Serious Fraud Office 772

Serov, Ivan 146

Service de Comentation Extérieure et de Contre-Espionage (SDECE) 218, 610, 634

Services Liaison Department 84, 509

Seton-Watson, Hugh 60, 62, 64, 87, 308-9, 314, 319, 331, 333, 351, 376, 501

Sevriuk, Alexander 195

Seydahmet, Cafar 196

Shaban Jaa Fari 582, 585, 593

Shadwell, Laurence 431

al-Shahli, Umar 736, 737

Shaker, Farid Sharif 653, 658

Shakir, Ghassan 734

al-Shami, Ahmed 685, 691, 693

Shandruk, Pavlo 186, 187, 195, 198, 199, 200, 202, 205, 206, 213, 214

Sharp, Jack 501

Sharpe, Rosemary 756

Sharq al-Adna 536, 537, 539, 540, 541, 635

Shayler, David 793, 794

Sheehan, Olive 8

Shehu, Kacem 397

Shehu, Mehmet 376, 386

Shehu, Zenal 399, 400

Sheiken, Nicholas 424

Shell 730, 731, 732, 761, 795

Shephard, Sir Francis 559, 571

Sheppard, A.W. 317-18

Sheptytsky, Metropolitan Andreas 227

Shergold, Harold 99, 416, 512, 704, 706, 724

Shinwell, Emmanuel 561

Shishakli, Adib 636, 655

Shoosmith, Maj.-Gen. 209

Short's of Belfast 752

SHRAPNEL Operation 416, 422-3, 513

Shuckburgh, Evelyn 68, 97, 495, 497, 505, 607

Shukhevych, Roman ('Taras Chuprynka') 226, "9, 230, 231, 237, 238, 243

Sichel, Herbert 45

Sicherheitsdienst (SD) 12, 100, 101, 106, 168, 208,411

Sienko, Stefan 263, 265

Sigailis, Arthur 274, 289

signals intelligence (SIGINT) 11, 12, 52, 54, 56, 135, 150, 398, 620, 660, 719, 748, 778

Sigurin-d 364-5, 388, 400, 401, 506, 507

Sihanouk, Norodom 712

Sikorski, Wladyslaw 166-7, 250, 251, 265, 455

Silarajas, Rudolph 288, 296-9, 511, 514, 515

Silent Forest 275

Silgailis, Arthur 271

Sillem brothers 269

Sillitoe, Sir Percy 622

Silone, Ignazio 477, 478

Silver, Arnold 420

Silverwood-Cope, Maclachlan 278, 396

Sima, Horia 179

SIMBA Operation 734

Simcock, Maj. 203, 347

Simpson, Adrian 192

Simpson, Mrs Wallis (later Duchess of Windsor) 407

Sims, Mitzi 45

Sinclair, Sir George 554

Sinclair, Hugh 4, 191, 224

Sinclair, Sir John 26, 31, 33, 494, 498-9, 520, 521, 522, 573, 580, 582, 586, 592, 614, 616, 619, 621

Sinn Fein 738

Sintsov, Vadim 755

Sirvys, Klemensas 294

Six, Frank 216

Six Day War 697

6th Airborne Division 549

62nd Field Security Service unit 342

Siyyam, Hassan 629, 644

Skanderbeg (Albanian national hero) 357

Skendi, Stavro 374

Skirpa, Kazys 271

Skoropadski 204

Skorzeny, Otto 217

Slansky, Rudolf 484, 485-6

SLENDER Operation 359

Slessor, Sir John 72, 77, 82, 83, 85, 136, 195, 533

Slocum, Frank 290, 374, 525

Slovak Hlinka Guard 231

Slovak Liberation Movement 182

Slovak National Council 181

Slovak National Front 181

Slovak People's Party 181

Slovene National Committee 336

Slovene National Democracy Party 342

Slovene People's Party (SPP) 330, 332, 335

Slowikowski, Rygor 250, 262

Sluzhba Bezpeky (SB) 226, 228, 234, 235, 236,244

Sluzhba Vneshnie Razvedaki (SVR) 754, 755

Smal-Stocky, Dr Roma 185, 186, 187, 195, 199, 200, 202, 206, 214, 222, 492-3

Smallholder's Party (Hungary) 174

Smellie, Craig 602, 741

SMERSH 278

Smiley, David 33, 256, 357-60, 376, 377, 378, 384, 386, 391, 402, 547-8, 663, 664, 685, 687, 688, 691, 694

Smiley, Moy 378

Smith, Bradley F. 12, 26

Smith, C.A. 435, 436

Smith, Howard 739

Smith, Joseph B. 711

Smith, Michael 77-8, 516

Smith, Raymond 43

Smyslovsky-Holmston, Boris 410, 413, 415

Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) 740

Social Democratic Party (SDP) 77, 482

Social Democrats (Germany) 112

Social Democrats (Russian 6migr6s) 404

Socialist Movement for United States of Europe 447, 461

Socialist Party of Greece (SKE) 309, 314

Socialist Unity Party (SED) (East Germany) 503

Society for Individual Freedom 429

Society of Friends of Albania 361

Society of Latvians in Great Britain 284-5, 433

Sogno, Edgardo 457

Solarium Project 505

Solly-Flood, Peter 253

Sophoulis, Thernistocles 319, 320, 374

Soraya, Empress 563, 565

South Arabian Federal Treasury 692

Sova, Antanas 296

Soviet Administration for Special Tasks 410

Soviet air defence command 244

Soviet Army 16-17, 229, 231, 243, 253, 257, 426

Soviet Five Year Plan 425

Soviet Information Bureau 251

Soviet Intelligence 151, 221, 235, 406, 407, 418, 419

Soviet Ministry of Health 766

Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) 235, 235, 243, 259, 283-5, Department 10 485

Soviet Ministry of State Security (KGB, MGB) 67, 87, 117, 147, 151, 180, 183, 184, 211, 212, 244, 265, 269, 284, 287, 293, 295, 299, 394-5, 502, 507, 511-14, 517, 523, 526, 527, 672, 681, 703, 705, 706, 722-3, 742, 743, 749, 754, 755; Directorate 16 755

Soviet Nineteenth Party Congress (1952) 499

Soviet North Atlantic Fleet 524

Soviet Trade Mission, London 299

Spaak, Paul-Henri 455, 463, 464, 466, 467, 469

Spanish civil War 484

Spanish Nationalists 351

Spearman, Richard 788

Special Air Service (SAS) 98, 131, 532, 614, 663, 664, 665, 729, 778, 789; 'A' Detachment 692; Americans monitor 792; corruption 734-5; Counter-Revolutionary Warfare (CRW) 328; D Squadron 328; and 'General Support Branch' 742; 'Kremlin' war room 329; in Oman 734; STORM 733; TIE 685; training of Kuwaitis 753; in Vietnam 719

Special Boat Squadron (SBS) 742, 773, 792

Special Branch 551-2, 553, 554, 696, 740, 796

Special Counter-Intelligence (SCI) 5-6, 15, 99,320

Special Forces Club, London 33, 364

Special Liaison Centre 147, 276, 288, 298-9

Special Operations (SO) 19, 83; Albania 363, 367, 376; Americans move into 56-7; in Austria 338; Bevin and 42, 87; in Germany 93

Special Operations Executive (SOE) 71, 72, 83, 84, 120, 127, 175, 195, 250, 251, 263, 363, 366, 385, 533, 537, Albania 357, 362, 376, 379; assassination capability 611-12; in Austria 122; backs 'progressive' resistance movements 303; in the Balkans 63; disbanded (1946) 362; EU/P 250; Evaluation Committee 24; experts in guerrilla warfare 394; and the Foreign Office 303, 467, 534, 535; and the French Resistance 457; fuses with the SIS 27, 28, 32; German X Section 98; and Greek resistance 306; Harcourt and 360; Hungarian section 8; influence 33; Iran 565; NKVD arrests former agents in Poland 256; and Poland 252, 253, 254; radio networks in Poland 255; relationship with M16 19/ 20, 306, 453-4; Retinger joins 456; role 19; Russian section 413; Scandinavian Section 525; Sixth Special Force 337; and Special Operations Branch 363, 547; training school 289; Yugoslavia 331, 332, 333

Special Policy Committee (SPQ 385, 389, 396

Special Refugee Screening (SRS) Commission 204

Special Republican Guard (Iraq) 782

Spedding, Sir David 328, 752-3, 760, 777, 800

Speight, R.L. 476

Spender, Stephen 478-82

Spetznaz 160

Spiliotopoulos, Col. 306

Spinelli, Altiero 455, 457, 464, 477

Die Spinne (Spider) 95

Spofford, Charles M. 462, 465

SPONR 493

Sporborg, Harry 31, 32, 122, 525

Spraggett, Col. 97

Springer, Ferdinand 141

Springer Verlag 141

Springhall, Douglas 8, 9

Sputnik launch 656

SS (Nazi) 93, 95, 98, 100, 101, 102, 106-10, 138, 168, 179, 187, 196, 197, 201, 216, 217, 218, 227-30, 232, 234, 240, 270-74, 276, 279-80, 285, 288, 418

SS Security Service 106, 408

SS Skanderbeg division 357, 358, 387

Stakhiv, Volodymyr 227, 232

Stalin, Joseph 55, 58, 60-61, 66, 69, 79, 81, 84, 89, 164, 179, 180, 189, 194, 211, 231, 270, 304, 461, 534; and Albania 364, 402; and British Intelligence 483; compared to Hitler 37; death 499; dissolution of the Comintern 13; and 'The Great Sweeper' 485; and Greece 319, 322; and Kerensky 493; and Kruglov 277-8; and Malenkov 501; and Mladorossy 406; and the NTS 410; 'percentage' agreement with Churchill (1944) 14-15, 39; and the Polish resistance 252; purges 484, 549; restrains revolutionaries 39; scheme for controlling the Adriatic's entrance 365; secret police 424; and Tito 63, 64, 67, 68, 78, 85, 88, 128, 341, 353, 364, 471; and the Ukraine 426-7; the Vigilance campaign 484, 499; warns of 'English duplicity' 343; western powers fear confrontation 254; and Yugoslavia 387

Stallwood, Frank 392, 652-3

Standard Oil of Ohio 595

Stankievich, Stanislaw 216, 217, 218, 220, 222,443-4

Stanley, John 631

Stanley, Oliver 460

Stark, Freya 622

Stassen, Harold 613

State Committee for the Co-ordination of Scientific Research Work 704

State-Navy-War Co-ordinating Committee 362

Staver, Robert 145

Stay Behind (SB) networks 28

Steads, Elmer 581

Steele, Frank 665, 697, 720, 739, 740, 741 Stephenson, Sir Hugh 707

Stephenson, Sir William 45, 50, 155, 610, 611

Stepinac, Aloysus, Archbishop of Zagreb 329, 346, 350

Steptoe, Harry 11, 535

Sterling, Claire 769

Stern, Dr 149

Stern Gang 544, 549

Stetsko, Jaroslav 224-8, 230, 232, 234, 235, 238, 442, 443, 444, 448, 449

Steven, Stewart 255, 256, 265, 484

Stevenson, Ralph 602

Stewart, John 425-6, 428, 429, 432, 441, 442, 445-6, 448, 449

Stewart, Sir Malcolm 462

Stewart, Sir Findlater 26, 31

Stewart-Smith, Geoffrey 414

Stiff, Peter 698, 719

Stirling, David 131, 333, 684-5, 688, 690-91, 693, 694, 695, 697, 735, 736, 738

Stockbridge, Ralph 602

Stockwell, Freddie 602, 631

Stokes, Michael 705

Stokes, Richard 202, 203, 205, 430, 431-2, 433, 434, 442, 568; Mission to Iran (1951) 568

Stone, Howard 588, 592, 594, 595, 655, 656

Stone, Shephard 463, 469, 508

Stonehouse, John 471

Stoney, Lt-Col. 289

STOPWATCH Operation 523, 526

STORM Operation 733

Storrs, Peter 554

Stourton, Hon. John 428

Strachey, Oliver 99

STRAGGLE Operation 615, 620, 628, 636, 637, 646, 655, 666

Strakaty, George 737

Strang, Sir William 59, 85, 489, 490, 541, 570

Strasbourg Consultative Assembly 467

Strassen, Harold 581

Stratis (leader of SKE) 309

Straw, Jack 796n

Street, Annette 348

Strik-Strikfelt, Wilfred 415

Stripp, Alan 56

Strong, Sir Kenneth 34, 72, 89, 396, 709

Subacic 389

Sudoplatov, Pavel 152, 224, 244, 245, 493

Suez Canal 38, 603, 635, 637, 638, 642, 646, 677

Suez Canal Company 623

Suez Group 603, 606, 628, 629, 662

Suez invasion 531, 553

Sufa, Nalil 399

'Sugar Force' 137

SUGAR Operation 130

Suharto, Thojib 718

Sukarno, Achmed 716, 718

Sulakov, Roman 207

'Sullivan, Michael' 256

Sullivan and Cromwell 595

Sultan, Prince 687, 691

Sultan's Armed Forces (SAF) 664, 731, 732, 734

Sulzberger, Cyrus 68, 306, 360, 388, 390, 392, 400-401, 486, 655

SUNFLOWER Operation 230

Sunningdale Agreement (1973) 740

SUNSHINE Operation 555, 556

'Supergun' affair 763

Supplementary Oil Agreement (1949) 558, 559

Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania (SCLL) 272, 274, 275, 277, 279, 282, 287, 292-3, 294, 296

Supreme Headquarters Allied Europe Forces (SHAEF) 99, 137, 157, 183, 258

Supreme Political Commission to Combat Banditry 254

Supreme Staff of Armed Partisans (Baltic) 283

Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council 205

Sushko, Col, Roman 224

Susic, Lovro 337, 339, 350

Sutkos, Col. 288

Sveics, Vidvuds 291

Svendsen, Lars 524

Svenska Militdr Tjdnst (SMT) 273, 276

Swain, Geoffrey 64

Swedish Intelligence 274, 281, 620

Sweet-Escott, Bickham 60, 303, 535-6, 537

Swialto, Josef 485

Swierczewski, Karol 236

Swift, Carlton 675, 707

Swinburn, James 631, 632, 645

Swiss Bundespolizei 419

Swiss Liaison Office 118

SWOD 421

Sykes, Michael 351-2

Syria Working Group (SWG) 656, 657, 658

Syrian Army 655, 656, 657

Syrian Deuxi~me Bureau 642

Syrian Radio 645

Szalasi, Ferncz 174, 178, 444


T

T-Force 137, 297

'Taffy B' (ex-SAS) 736, 737, 738

Talib bin Ali 663

Tamplin, Capt. Guy 193, 194, 248, 331

Tanganyika African National Union 721

TANGO Operation 328

Tank, Kurt 146-7

Tariq (Qaboos' uncle) 733

Tariq bin Taimur 731

Tartars 196

Tasoev, J.D. 146

Taylor, John 148, 707

Taylor, Peter 129

TEA-PARTY Operation 552

Teague, John 30, 533

Tear, Hubert O'Bryan 242, 679, 687

Tebbit, Kevin 778

Technical Intelligence Section 135

Technical Security Department (TSD) 786

Tedder, Lord 82, 83, 84, 365, 366

Television International Enterprises (TIE) 685,735

Temple, Reginald 669, 734

Templer, Sir Gerald 23, 98, 638

Tepfers, Verners 281

Terrapin 624

Territorial Defence Force (TDF) 272, 273

Terry, Antony 105, 176

Thatcher Foundation 780

Thatcher, Margaret, Baroness 747, 750, 751, 752, 757, 758, 799

Thesiger, Wilfred 697-8

30th Waffen-SS Grenadier Division 217

Third Army (US) 182, 217

'Third Force' 46, 72, 73, 76, 173, 247, 431, 438,461

The Third Man (film) 120

Third (Mountain) Brigade 316

30 Assault Unit 137

Thompson, Sir Geoffrey 486

Thompson, John 472, 726, 727

Thompson, Llewelyn 383

Thompson, Sir Robert 718

Thomson, Lord 692

Thornberg, Max 567, 568

Thorneycroft, Peter 683, 689

Thornton, F. 13

Thorpe, Elizabeth 45

310th Field Security Service 232

Throne (Soviet deception) 410

Thunder Cross (Latvia) 223, 270, 271

Tiaks, Frank C. 581

Tildy, President 174

Tiso, Jozef 181

Tito, Marshal 60, 69, 81, 84, 86, 124, 126, 199, 304, 330, 336, 340, 347, 349, 352, 360, 369, 388, 414; and Albania 364, 375, 376, 387, assassination plans 499; captures Italian equipment 333; and Cominform. 366; control of the secret police and army 353; the Crusaders 341; defection to the West (1944) 365; and Greece 323, 327; installs himself in Belgrade 335; and Kosovo 361; Moscow's most zealous supporter 334; and Nasser 605; political trials 350-51; propaganda against Britain and US 344; Slovene National Democracy party opposes 342; and Stalin 63, 64, 67, 68, 78, 85, 88, 128, 341, 353, 364, 471; weapons 370

Titoism 85

Tizard, Henry 153

TOBACCO Operation 218

Tokaty-Tokaev, Grigori 146-50

Tolstoy, Count Nikolai 193, 337

Tomas, August 276

Tomlinson, Richard 761, 767, 768, 779, 783, 784, 786-92, 794-800

Toptani, Ihsan 360, 447

TORCH Operation 116, 250

Torma, August 290

Toth, Dragutin 350

Toynbee, Philip 476

Trades Union Congress (TUC) 75, 430

Transport and General Workers' Union 37

Travellers Club 4

Travis, Sir Edward 52, 54

Treasury 27, 244, 469, 575, 620, 726-7, 746, 747, 761, 780, 798, 799

Trend, Burke 709, 724, 727

Trevaskis, Kennedy 680, 685, 688, 689

Trevelyan, Humphrey 605, 620, 673, 675

Trevor-Roper, Hugh (Lord Dacre) 5, 18, 19, 477,478

Trinsky, Mikal 611

Tripartite Foreign Ministers' Conference (1950) 441

Tripartite Pact 330

Trotsky, Leon 67, 435

Troutback, Sir John 541-2

Truchnovich, Alexander 409

Trukhin, General 412

Truman, Harry S. 154, 324, 446, 464, 487, 519, 562, 574, 575, 580

Truman Doctrine 41, 45, 65, 66, 81, 324, 327, 483

Trumpys, Benediktas 294

Trusahnovich, Alexander 507

Truscott, Lucian 264-5

'Trust' (Monarchist Association of Central Russia) 264, 269, 284

Tsaldaris, Konstantinos 315, 320, 323, 380

Tube Alloys 133, 134, 136, 152, 154, 160

Tudeh Party 534, 564-7, 569, 571, 572, 579, 580, 592, 593, 596

Tudjman, Franjo 354

'Tunworth' (Libyan agent) 793

Turkestan National Unity Committee 445

Turkul, Prince Anton Vasilevich 189, 198, 362, 405, 407, 410, 419-20, 421, 514

Turnbull, Richard 683

Turner, Stansfield 797

Turnhill, Col. 732

Turp, Robert 690

Turrou, Leon G. 103

'12 Force' 98

21 Army Group 98, 100, 104

Tweedy, Bronson 642-3

Twelve Apostles 456

20th Waffen-SS Division 275

21 Army Group 23

24 Infantry Brigade 671-2

Twetten, Thomas 781


U

UBS (private bank) 779

Ugandan State Research Bureau 734

Uhrlau, Ernst 778

UK EYES ALPHA / B 785

UK Intelligence Messaging Network 789

UK-USA Security Agreement 56

Ukraine National Assembly 227

Ukrainian Co-ordinating Committee 233, 237, 238

Ukrainian Committee 187

Ukrainian Division ('Galizien') 197, 198, 443

Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) 199, 229, 230, 231, 235-9, 242-5, 247, 257

Ukrainian Liberation Committee 205

Ukrainian National Committee 226

Ukrainian National Council 238, 239, 493

Ukrainian Relief Committee 202

Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (UHVR) 199, 230, 236-9, 247; Foreign Representation (ZP UHVR) 230, 232, 238

Ukrainian Training Unit (SS) 226

Ulbricht, Walter 63, 113

Ulm, Rudolph 143

Ulmer, Al 57, 399, 551, 641, 712, 713

Ulster Workers' Strike (1974) 740

'Ultra' intelligence 97, 333; Menzies and 5; the SCI units 5

Umar, Yahya 734

Un-American Activities Committee 579

Underwater Establishment, Portland 704

UNFASTEN Operation 653, 658

Uniate Church 237

Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) 725

Union Minière 138

Union of Popular Democracy (ELD) 306, 314

United Baltic Corporation 261

United Democratic Resistance Organisation (UDRM) 283, 285, 286, 287, 292, 293, 294, 296, 298

United Europe Movement (UEM) 460, 464, 466; Special Finance Committee 462

United Fruit Company 546

United Nations (UN) 38, 72, 128, 181, 243, 247, 298, 431, 483, 507, 552, 565, 615, 637, 698, 721, 774, 790; Protection Force 791; Security Council 341, 636; Weapons Inspectorate 767

United Nations Atomic Energy Commission Scientific and Technical Committee 153

United Nations Refugee and Rehabilitation Agency (UNRRA) 208, 218, 281, 392, 415, 416

United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) 102, 107, 111, 127, 128

United Press 121

United State Political Directorate (OGPU) 269

Unity Party (East Germany) 112

University of New York (research institute for a Post-War European Federation) 457

UNTHINKABLE Operation 25

Upans, Lodis 294-5, 297

Upelnieks, Kristaps 272

'Uranium Club' 139

Urbancic, Ljenko 332, 345, 352, 353

Uren, Ormond 8

Urwick 523

Urzad Bezpiecznstwa (UB or Bezpieka) 265, 266, 497, 703

US 430th Counter-Intelligence Corps 68

US Air Force 235, 294, 353, 486-7, 519, 709

US Army Intelligence 237, 502

US Bureau of Intelligence and Research 728

US Corps of Engineers 526

US Counter-Intelligence Corps (CIC) 100, 105, 109, 110, 117, 119, 171, 210, 220, 221, 233, 234, 235, 349, 350, 352, 419, 420, 574; 430th Detachment 116-17, 119

US Defense Department 487, 659

US Department of the Army 333

US Green Berets 719

US Information Service (USIS) 575

US Military Intelligence 326, 349

US National Security Council (NSC) 243, 353, 368, 396, 400, 503, 504, 505, 517, 581, 582, 601, 670, 717

US Office of Policy Co-ordination (OPC) 210, 220, 221, 239, 242, 243, 245, 246, 263-6, 291, 297, 353, 447, 454, 497; ACUE 465; Albania 373, 377, 379, 381, 382, 387, 390-93, 396-9; Iran 566; the NCFE 437; operates within the remit of the CIA 395, 400; origins 464; OSO 368-9; Project Review Board 478; Psychological and Paramilitary (PP) Warfare Staff 369, 392, 400; responsible to Bedell Smith 395-6

US State Department 239, 324-5, 349, 400, 454, 465, 488, 505, 541, 574, 640, 728; Albania 380, 382, 383, 385, 386, 389; the drugs war 776; Egypt 602, 637, 683; exile groups 446; and the Foreign Office 675; Iran 559, 579, 580, 582, 583; Israel 581; Jewish refugees 548; Office of Intelligence Research 324; Policy and Planning Staff (PPS) 242, 368, 370, 490; Political  Biographic Section 373; Psychological Strategy Board 487, 490, 503; Southern European Division 373 US Technical Assistance programme ('Point Four') 575

US Treasury 338, 339

US War Department 422

US-UK agreement on the exchange of nuclear information (1958) 159

Ustashi 125, 126, 169, 171, 172, 223, 329-33, 335-50, 352, 353, 354, 434, 444; Office for Colonisation 336

Ustinov, 'Klop' 407-8, 410, 418-21

Ustinov, Peter 408


V

V-2 rockets 137-8, 144, 145, 149

V-men 106

Vaivada, Anthony 295

Vajta, Ference 171-2, 173, 175, 350

Vakar, Nicholas 990

Valls-Russell, Lawrie 540-41

VALUABLE Operation (BG /FIEND) 363, 367, 371, 374, 378, 384, 385, 389, 390, 391, 393-6, 398, 400, 401, 506, 653 Van Zeeland, Paul 455, 457, 458, 459, 462, 463,496,508

Vanagai (Falcons) 272

Vanden Heuvel, Count Frederick 140, 142, 168,547

Vandenberg, Arthur 45, 55; Resolution 45

Vansittart, Lord 101, 106, 353, 405, 407, 408, 417, 418, 432-3, 437, 443

Vantage plan (later Bellringer) 671

Varzia Agreement (1945) 311, 313, 314, 318

Vatican 102, 109, 115, 116, 126, 167, 168, 169, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176, 202, 203, 219, 230, 237, 238, 239, 285, 443, 463; and Yugoslavia 330, 332, 339, 341, 342, 346-9, 353; see also Catholic Church

Vendiris, Staff Chief 318

Venner, John 31

Venteres, Konstantinos 320

Ventotene Manifesto 455

Verschoyle, Derek 547-8

Vichy 250

Vickers 462

Vietnam War 716, 717, 718, 719

Vigilance campaign 484, 499

Villiers, Charles 337, 338, 414

Vinogradov, Vladimir 499

VISTULA Operation 236, 237

Visual Inter-Service Training and Research Establishment 157

Vitolin, Margers 511, 513-14

Vituska, Gen. 220

Vivian, Valentine 7, 9, 11, 15, 21

Vladmanis, Dr Alfred 279

Vlasov, Andrei 198, 214, 230, 411, 412, 413, 415,493

Voice of Britain 643, 644

'Voice of Free Egypt' 625

Voice of Zion 635

Voight, Frederick 426-7

Volkov, Konstantin 578

Volman, Sacha 440, 447

Voloshyn, Monsignor Augustine 224, 225

Volunteer Corps (Yugoslavia) 331

Voss, Claudius 189-90, 405, 406, 407, 420

Voulgaris (Greek Prime Minister) 319

Vrancic, Dr Vjekoslav 337, 342, 350, 353

Vretsonia (Abwehr agent) 232

Vulliamy, Ed 791


W

Waddy, John 719

Wafd Party 601, 628, 629

Waffen-SS 240, 277, 279, 280, 285, 288, 289, 409, 432, 443

Waffen-SS Galicia Division 240, 248

Wainman, Alexander 203

WAKEFUL Operation see STRAGGL Operation

Waldegrave, William 764

Walden, Brian 471

Waldheim, Kurt 124-9

Walker, Christopher 659

Wallace, David 307-8

Waller, John 574, 594

Walli units 101

Wallinger, Mark 346

Walters, Vernon 574

Waltscheff, Dimitr 443

Wannsee Institute 109, 208

WAPPEN Operation 655

War Cabinet 385, 413

War Crimes Investigation Unit 98

War Office 26, 343, 351; Albania 359; General Staff (Research) (GS(R)) 187; Greece 320; investigation into the 'Control of special units and organisations' 32; Jewish groups 546; Military Intelligence Directorate 20; report on the Ukraine 232; Yugoslavia 346

War Office Screening Mission (WOSM) see Maclean Mission

Warburg, Frederick 479, 480

Warburgs 166

Warburton, Nick 692

Ward, Barbara 476

Ward, George 660

Warner, Christopher 38-43, 65, 69, 73, 74, 75, 77, 83, 209, 476

Warner, Fred 316

Warner, Sir Gerald 97, 753, 754, 799

Warner Brothers 379

Warsaw Pact 501, 727, 749, 754

Warsaw uprising 24, 249, 251-2, 253, 260, 428

Washington conference (1949) 368, 369

Wasilewski, Tadeusz 255

Watchguard International 697, 735, 736-7

Waterfield, Gordon 540

Waterfield, 'Pat' 730, 732

Waterhouse, Charles 603

Waterhouse, Ellis 306

Waters, Sir George 429

Watkinson, Harold 673

Watson, Adam 39, 186, 489-90, 505

Watson, Sam 63

Watt, Donald Cameron 531, 615, 676

Watts, John 664

Waugh, Evelyn 333, 346

Wavell, Gen. Sir Archibald, Ist Earl 156, 192

el-Wazir, Abdel Kerim 685

Wederneyer, Lt.-Gen. 421

Wehrmacht 104, 112, 118, 125, 127, 145, 187, 208, 216, 226, 227, 228, 240, 241, 275, 333, 408, 409, 412; Wa Pruf 9 143

Welles, Sumner 436

Welsh, Eric 134, 135, 138-41, 152, 153, 154, 156, 521, 522

'Werewolf' resistance detachments 107

West, Rebecca 427, 426

Western Union 75, 461-2

Westminster, Duke of 436

WESTWARD HO! Operation 204, 288, 296

Weygrand, Maxime 192

Wheatley, Dennis 158, 160

Wheeler, Charles 112

Wheeler, Geoffrey 535, 562, 568, 570

Wheler, David 290

Whinney, Pat 374, 378, 392, 525

White, Dick 16, 49, 99, 100, 154, 390, 408, 516, 517, 521, 531, 621-2, 625-6, 630, 637, 639-41, 645, 651, 652, 659, 661, 662, 671, 672, 675, 681, 684, 687, 692-4, 696, 704, 705, 707, 710, 718, 723, 724, 727, 738, 739

White, Tony 774, 775

White Guard (Voluntary Anti-Communist Militia) 330, 332, 337, 353

White Knights of Britain 441

White Russian Armed Services Union (ROVS) 189,190,405,407

White Russian Schutzkorps 414-15

White Russians 19, 106, 130, 187, 189, 190, 191, 215, 220, 268, 407, 413

White Ruthenian Veterans League 217

Whitelaw, William 740

Whitlock, John 140, 141

Whittal, Arthur 207, 543

Whittal, Michael 213

Wicht, Adolf 104

Wickham, Sir Charles 317

Wierzbianski, M. 441

Wiesenthal, Simon 112, 116, 544

Wigg, George 640

Wilbur, Donald 583, 584, 586, 591, 597

Wild, Noel 157

Wilkinson, Ellen 428

Wilkinson, Peter 249, 250, 253, 337, 338, 340, 496

Williams, Sir Alan 120n

Williams, Alan Lee 471

Williams, Bill 98

Williams, Michael 618, 621, 630

Wilson, Bevil 332

Wilson, Charles 587

Wilson, 'Falcon' 698

Wilson, Geoffrey 13, 167, 303

Wilson, Harold 500, 688, 716, 717, 725, 728, 731, 744, 791

Wilson, Hon. John 210

WiN see Freedom and Independence

Winch, Michael 255

Wingate, Ronald 156

Winks, Robin 361-2, 398

Winn, Rowley 690

Winterton, Gen. 120

Wiseman, Sir William 461

Wisner, Frank 210, 221, 239, 243, 246, 263, 264, 362-3, 368-71, 373, 379, 380, 391, 393, 395-9, 437, 464, 467, 478, 485, 505, 566, 583, 591, 633, 641, 648, 707

Wolodymyr (OUN-B) 227

Womersley, Dennis 687

Wood Cats 274

Woodhouse, Christopher 33, 307, 308, 316, 317, 324-7, 368, 467-8, 475, 510, 568, 569, 571, 573, 574, 577-80, 585, 587

Woodhouse, John 684, 686, 697

Woodruff, Douglas 427, 430, 438

Woods, Christopher 570

'Woody' (ex-SAS) 736, 737

Working Group on US/ UK Co-operation 670

World Anti-Communist League (WACL) 222,449

World Assembly of Youth (WAY) 468-71, 475

World Bank 607

World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY) 468

World Federation of Trade Unions 43

World Jewish Congress 96, 97

World Student Congress (Prague, 1946) 471-2

Wrangel, Peter 192

Wreciona, Yevhen 231

Wright, Michael 656

Wright, Sir Oliver 548

Wright, Peter 149, 158, 190, 419, 517, 555, 556, 611, 620, 623, 633, 634, 645

Wrigley, Michael 712, 713

Wyke, John 130, 555

Wyman, John 741

Wyndham, John (later Lord Egremont) 723

Wynne, Greville 704, 708


X

X organisation 310, 314, 317, 320, 550

X-2 (OSS) 11

Xoxe, Kod 364, 376


Y

'Y' intercepts 26

Y Section 130, 131

Yakuta, N.I. 416-17, 423

Yalta agreement (1945) 201, 414, 429, 434

Yaskevycz, Maj. 201, 204

Yatsevich, Gratian 391, 397, 399

Yemen Relief Fund 690

Yes, Minister (television programme) 797

Young, Courtney 419

Young, George 34, 43, 57, 60, 61, 63, 66, 67, 68, 83, 84, 87, 89, 112, 113, 121, 122, 123, 126, 129, 142, 156, 176, 203, 378, 399, 487, 498-501, 509, 511, 512, 514, 516, 517, 520-23, 526, 548, 554, 562, 568-9, 570, 573, 586, 591, 592, 597-602, 608, 609-10, 614-17, 621, 625-8, 630, 636-9, 641, 644, 647-50, 653-4, 655, 662, 669, 676, 680, 710-11, 712, 715, 720, 721, 743

Young, Robin 686

Young, Rollo 378, 386

Young Russians see Mladorossy

Young, T.C. 579

Younger, Kenneth 88, 612

Yovanovitch, Slobodan 632

Yugoslav Gendarmerie 337

Yugoslav government-in-exile 335, 434

Yugoslav National Committee 151, 353

Yugoslav War Crimes: Commission 339; Liaison Detachment 349


Z

Z-Network 124, 131, 168, 174, 426

Zacharka, V. 216, 217

Zaehner, Robert 378, 392, 534, 535, 537, 562-3, 564, 565, 570, 571, 578

Zaharoff, Sir Basil 406

Zahedi, Ardeshir 575, 592, 594

Zahedi, Faziollah 574-5, 576, 577, 582, 583, 585, 586, 587, 588, 589, 591, 592, 593, 594, 632

Zaheer, Seyyed Ali 563

Zahid, Sheikh Ibrahim 690

Zakevicius, Stasys 278-9

Zaleski, August 167, 170, 432

Zambia Intelligence Service 475

Zarb, James 631

Zarine, Charles 279, 280, 294, 285, 287-8, 289,433,447

Zaydi sect 678

Zbor movement 331, 332, 335, 352

Zbytek, Charles 183

Zemaitis, Jonas 292, 298

Zenon sigint project 778

Zervas, Napoleon 306, 307-8, 320, 323, 359

Zhadanov, Andrei 66, 67

Zhadanov faction 485

Zilenski, Alexander 189, 190

Zilinskas, Walter 274, 278, 281, 285

Zimbabwean intelligence service 768

Zimmerman, Fred 591

Zionists 485, 506, 534, 540, 544

Zircon 778, 780

Zirkaneh Giants 584

Zog, King 355, 356, 357, 359, 361, 362, 372, 379, 380, 388, 392, 397, 399; Zogists, 357-8, 359,397

Zymantas, Stasys 281, 282, 283, 285, 287, 288, 292